Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
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Allen Wardwell, Primitive Art from Chicago Collections, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago, 1960).
Richard Townsend with Elizabeth Pope, Indian Art of the Americas at the Art Institute of
Chicago (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago and Yale University Press, 2016), 287, cat. 231.
Art Institute of Chicago, Primitive Art from Chicago Collections, Nov. 16, 1960–Jan. 2, 1961, cat.
B. J. Wassermann (Bruno John), Buenos Aires, by 1938 [possibly acquired by descent from unnamed grandmother, Argentina, according to personal statement in Ceramics del Antiguo Peru de la Collection Wassermann-San Blas, 1938]; sold to Nathan Cummings (1896–1985), Chicago, 1954; given to the Art Institute, 1960.
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