Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Dawn Ades, with Margherita Andreotti and Adam Jolles, Surrealist Art: The Lindy and Edwin Bergman Collection at the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1997), pp. 222, and 224-25, cat. 109 (color ill.).
Karin Orchard and Isabel Schulz (editors), Kurt Schwitters: Catalogue raisonné III (Hannover, 2006), p. 531, no. 3264 (ill.).
Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art, “Dada and Surrealism in Chicago Collections,” 1984–1985, p. 213 (ill.).
Sidney Janis Gallery, New York [New York, 1966 auc. cat.]. G. David Thompson, Pittsburgh; sold, Parke-Bernet Galleries, Inc., New York, Mar. 24, 1966, lot 77. Sold by Richard Gray Gallery, Chicago, to Lindy and Edwin Bergman, Chicago, 1967; given to the Art Institute of Chicago, 2018.
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