Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Dawn Ades, with Margherita Andreotti and Adam Jolles, Surrealist Art: The Lindy and Edwin Bergman Collection at the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1997), pp. 223-25, cat. 110 (color ill.).
Karin Orchard and Isabel Schulz (editors), Kurt Schwitters: Catalogue raisonné III (Hannover, 2006), p. 621, no. 3528 (ill.).
New York, Martha Jackson Gallery, “New Forms - New Media 1,” 1960, cat. 65.
G. David Thompson, Pittsburgh [undated label on the back of the collage]. Charlotte Weidler, by 1960. Martha Jackson Gallery, New York [a fax of Apr. 26, 1995, from Jeanne Havemeyer of B.C. Holland, Inc., Chicago]; sold to Holland-Goldowsky Gallery, Inc., Chicago; sold to Lindy and Edwin Bergman, Chicago, 1960; given to the Art Institute of Chicago, 2018.
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