Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
The Art Institute of Chicago, “The Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Randall Shapiro Collection” February 24-April 14, 1985, pp. 65 and 110, cat. 71, fig. 55.
The Art Institute of Chicago, “An Irrational Act: Gifts of Surrealist Works on Paper from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Randall Shapiro,” December 15, 1992-April 18, 1993, pp. 7 and 12, fig. 12.
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph R. Shapiro, Chicago, by 1985 [Chicago 1985]; given to the Art Institute, 1992.
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