Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) represents a set of open standards that enables rich access to digital media from libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions around the world.
Ralph Edwards, “Conversation Pieces in Search of a Painter,” Apollo 66 (1957), pp. 90, 91, ill.
Art Institute of Chicago, Paintings in the Art Institute of Chicago: A Catalogue of the Picture Collection (Chicago, 1961), p. 59.
Aileen Ribeiro, The Dress Worn at Masquerades in England, 1730 to 1790, and Its Relation to Fancy Dress in Portraiture (New York and London, 1984), ch. 2, fig. 14.
Malcolm Warner, in Susan Wise and Malcolm Warner, French and British Paintings from 1600 t0 1800 in The Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, 1996), pp. 239–241, ill.
Emily Crane Chadbourne, Washington, D.C.; on loan to the Art Institute, 1932–51; given to the Art Institute, 1951.
Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email . Information about image downloads and licensing is available here.