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Wheellock Rifle

A work made of steel, silver, walnut, horn, staghorn, and mother-of-pearl.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of steel, silver, walnut, horn, staghorn, and mother-of-pearl.


c. 1720


Gunsmith: Johan Carl Öfner
(Austrian, 1717-1724)
Stock Decorator: Josef Haller of Eger (Cheb)
Austrian, Innsbruck

Austrian, 18th century

About this artwork

Despite the invention of the simpler flintlock, the wheellock remained in use for hunting well into the 18th century, as the ignition was a split second faster. This could make a difference when hunting deer, sensitive enough to react to the sound of the ignition before the bullet left the gun.

On later wheellocks, such as this example, the wheel is concealed under the lock plate. The decorative inlay of engraved mother-of-pearl, silver, and staghorn, with its florid designs of S- and C scrolls, reflects the newly developing Rococo style.


On View, Gallery 239


Applied Arts of Europe


Josef Haller (Decorator)


Wheellock Rifle


Austria (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Steel, silver, walnut, horn, staghorn, and mother-of-pearl


L. 117 cm (46 1/4 in.) Barrel L. 85.7 cm (33 3/4 in.) Wt. 11 lb. 4 oz. Caliber .47

Credit Line

George F. Harding Collection

Reference Number


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