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Wheellock Rifle of Archduke Charles of Styria

A work made of steel, fruitwood, and staghorn.
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • A work made of steel, fruitwood, and staghorn.




Hans Paumgartner
Austrian, Graz, active 1556-1582

About this artwork

This rifle, a masterpiece of stock inlay, may have been given as a wedding present to Archduke Charles of Styria (eastern Austria), the youngest son of Emperor Ferdinand I. The engraving on the butt end of the stock combines Charles’s Habsburg coat of arms with that of his wife, the Duchess Maria of Bavaria; the couple was married in 1571, the year the gun was made.

Curiously the lock is mounted on the left side, a rare feature suggesting that Charles was left-eye dominant, or that he aimed with his left eye.


On View, Gallery 239


Applied Arts of Europe


Hans Paumgartner


Wheellock Rifle of Archduke Charles of Styria


Graz (Artist's nationality:)

Date  Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.



Steel, fruitwood, and staghorn


Marked by stock maker Hans Paumgartner


L. 112 cm (44 1/8 in.) Barrel L. 86 cm (33 7/8 in.) Wt. 8 lb. 6 oz. Caliber .55

Credit Line

George F. Harding Collection

Reference Number


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