Dates are not always precisely known, but the Art Institute strives to present this information as consistently and legibly as possible. Dates may be represented as a range that spans decades, centuries, dynasties, or periods and may include qualifiers such as c. (circa) or BCE.
Max Beckmann, Briefe im Kriege (München, 1955), p. 51.
Stephan von Wiese, Max Beckmanns zeichnerisches Werk 1903-1925 (Dusseldorf, 1978), pp. 54-55, and 199, no. 191.
Barbara C. Buenger, “Max Beckmann in the First World War,” The Ideological Crisis of Expressionism (Columbia, S.C., 1990), p. 274, fig. 5.
Berlin, “Freie Sezession,” 1916, cat. 53.
Chicago, Worthington Gallery, Inc. “Max Beckmann,” 1985, cat. 1.
The Art Institute of Chicago, “Reflections of Weimar Germany: Portfolios by Max Beckmann and Lovis Corinth,” July 18-October 31, 1992.
The Art Institute of Chicago, “Belligerent Encounters-Graphic Chronicles of War and Revolution, 1500-1945,” July 31-October 23, 2011, no. cat.
Probably the artist to Walter Carl (died 1956), Frankfurt, around 1916; sold through D. Richartz to Kornfeld and Klipstein, Bern, 1965 [letter from Christine Stauffer of Galerie Kornfeld of January 8, 2004 in curatorial file]; sold, June 17, 1965, lot 41, to Richard Feigen, New York [a letter from Ann Guite of Richard Feigen of December 1, 2003 in the curatorial file]. Private collection, United States [von Weise 1978]. Sold by the Worthington Gallery, Chicago, to the Art Institute, 1985.
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