Bureau Table

Small wooden bureau with carved half-circle designs, gilded handles
CC0 Public Domain Designation

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  • Small wooden bureau with carved half-circle designs, gilded handles

Date:

c. 1770

Artist:

Attributed to John Townsend
American, 1732–1809
Newport, Rhode Island

About this artwork

This elegant piece epitomizes the Late Baroque style that flourished in Newport, Rhode Island. It is one of six bureaus that can be attributed to the celebrated cabinetmaker John Townsend on the basis of similar construction and design features in labeled pieces by the maker. For example, the carved shells have central C-scrolls featuring petals and crosshatched baskets, all motifs that are indicative of Townsend’s work. In addition, the top is integrated into the case by cove-and-bead molding, with smaller cavetto molding underneath. The blocking of the upper drawer continues through the side drawers and into the graceful double scroll of the bracket feet, creating an unbroken visual plane that unifies the design elements.

Kept in bedchambers, bureau tables most likely functioned as dressing tables. They were particularly popular among the Quaker citizens of Newport, who appreciated the wide array of storage possibilities they offered. According to oral tradition, Samuel Fowler originally owned this bureau. A successful merchant, Fowler frequently conducted business with the Townsend family. In 1786 and 1787, John Townsend purchased hinges, nails, and sundries from Fowler. This relationship bolsters the argument that Fowler owned this bureau, since patronage loyalty resulting from familial, religious, and trading ties was typical in eighteenth-century Newport.

On View

American Art, Gallery 167

Artist

John Townsend

Title

Bureau Table

Origin

Newport

Date

1765–1775

Medium

Mahogany, chestnut, and tulip poplar

Dimensions

86.6 × 93.4 × 58 cm (34 1/8 × 36 3/4 × 20 in.)

Credit Line

Gift of Jamee J. and Marshall Field

Reference Number

1984.1387

Extended information about this artwork

Object information is a work in progress and may be updated as new research findings emerge. To help improve this record, please email .

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