Skip to Content

On the Wall of Van Gogh’s Bedroom

Inside an Exhibition


A painting by Vincent van Gogh of a bedroom with blue walls, a reddish floor, and yellow and brown furniture. There are multiple paintings, including two portraits, hanging on the walls.

Vincent van Gogh. The Bedroom. 1888. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation).

Pictured above is Van Gogh’s first Bedroom painting. He made it over two days in October 1888 (a week before Gauguin arrived at the Yellow House) and the painting is now in the collection of the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.

There are many subtle differences between this painting and the subsequent two versions, but one of the most obvious is the portraits on the wall. In the second and third versions, the top row of paintings includes a self-portrait and a picture of an unidentified woman. In the first painting though, Van Gogh has painted portraits of two men. And these portraits are based on actual portraits that Van Gogh painted earlier that year. We’re also lucky enough to have both of those paintings in Van Gogh’s Bedrooms.

A portrait by Vincent van Gogh of a man with a long thin face dressed in an orange blazer or coat. The background is a dark blue nighttime sky with white stars.

Vincent van Gogh. Eugène Boch. 1888. Musée d’Orsay, Paris, legacy of Mr. Eugène Boch, 1941

The painting above is of Belgian painter Eugène Boch. As Van Gogh described him, he was “an artist friend who dreams great dreams, who works as the nightingale sings.” As is true of many of Van Gogh’s paintings during this time period, he pairs complementary colors—in this case blue and orange—to create a vivid effect. He also replaces the mundane studio background with the nighttime sky, placing Boch as a star in the heavens.

A portrait by Vincent van Gogh of a young man who was a French soldier. The man is dressed in dark blue army dress, wears a red cap, and has a mustache and beard. The background of the portrait is a vibrant emerald green.

Vincent van Gogh. The Lover (Portrait of Lieutenant Milliet). Late September-early October 1888. KM 102.392. Kröller–Müller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands.

After completing Boch’s portrait, Van Gogh searched for a subject whose personality could serve as a contrasting pendant. He painted Lieutenant Paul-Eugène Milliet, a member of the Zouaves—French soldiers serving in North Africa. Milliet’s boisterous personality was opposite to Boch’s more sensitive introversion. This painting is another study in complementary colors, with the red képi against a vibrant emerald background. Van Gogh called this painting The Lover to portray Milliet as the embodiment of a masculine ideal.

—Katie Rahn



Further Reading

Sign up for our enewsletter to receive updates.

Learn more

Image actions