The Greenmap Project
New East Side/Streeterville
Hae Won Chun, Ria Lauren Fay-Berquist, Arlene Hausman, Jung Ye Jin, John Anthony, Jae Jung, Kristie Layoung Kim, Min Jung Kim, Min Yong Kim, Na Yeon Kim, David Merritt Jr., Sayaka Namba, Sang Mi Oh, Kyung Won Paik, So Young Park, Michelle Pauline Rose, Ivy Sin, Chi Yan Siu, Melisa Lena Smith, Mary Taylor, Seiyoon Yoo, Hae Sung Yoonicole Casi, Kassie Grossman, Eric May, Carolyn Moore, Jim Schneider, Daniel Chan, Alexis Hunt, Michele Liebowitz, David Hendren, Jeff Hubbard, Joanna Lewis, Kayo Takasugi, Gu min Lee, Brian Zimerle, Jin Kim, Rebecca Rakstad
The Chicago Stadium opened in 1928 and in its time was the world's largest indoor sporting arena. Like the United Center that replaced it, it was considered a state-of-the-art architectural structure when it was built. The 37,000 square foot building was a multi-purpose venue. It hosted boxing events as well as home games for the Chicago Blackhawks and the Chicago Bears. The stadium became notorious as one of the toughest places for opponents to play because of the loud crowds that, at capacity, reached 16,600 (8,000 more than Madison Square Garden). It also hosted three national democratic conventions, the first in 1932, during which Franklin Roosevelt was selected as the party's candidate for President. Labor unions often held mass meetings at this facility and during WW||, Chicago Jews gathered here to rally against Nazism. In 1994, the Blackhawks and Bears moved across the street to their new home in the United Center.
Chicago Center for Green Technology
The Center opened in May of 2002 and serves as a model for high standards in green technology. In 2003 it was awarded the Platinum Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating from the U.S. Green Building Council, making it the third U.S. building and the first renovated and government owned structure to earn this rating. CCGT is home to organizations and businesses committed to the environment including Chicago Green Tech, Greencorps Chicago, Spire Solar Chicago, and WRD Environmental. The building and its campus are open to the public to teach people the benefits of freen buildings and how they function. The building and the surrounding 17 acres of land, a brownfield site, were recovered through legal action against the previous owner by the Department of Environment. The site clean up costs of around $9 million were raised, in part, through the recycling and sale of site materials. Over 40% of the materials used in the building renovation were made from recycled materials. The renovated building uses solar energy to generate 20% of its electricity needs. It has roof-mounted solar panels, integrated window awning solar panels as well as a ground level solar beam. Offices are designed to maximize natural sunlight and a smart-lighting system adjusts the electric light to the level of natural sunlight or automatically shuts off lighting if no one is preesnt. The building utilizes a ground souce heat pump to regulate inside temperatures, resulting in low air conditioning and natural gas usage. The adjacent greenhouse heats itself soley by sunlight. The center also has a complex water conservation system that recovers over half of the site's rainwater, thereby reducing water flow to sewers and either redirecting or storing rainwater for landscaping. The parking lot has two outlets to refuel electric cars and parking reserved especially for carpoolers.
Cathedral Shelter of Chicago
Food distribution (serving 7,000 low-income families, 55 persons living with HIV/AIDS; 1,400 Christmas Baskets given out yearly)
Emergency assistance (crisis counseling, rental, utility, mortgage payments)
Outreach (food and advocacy to 500 seniors living in public housing)
Higgins House (18 bed residential treatment, counseling and life-skill training facility for men recovering from addictions)
Cressey House (27-unit apartment complex providing housing and life-skill employment workshops for individuals and families in addiction recovery)
Second Chance Thrift Store (low-cost department store providing free clothing, furniture and household items to shelter participants who are setting up their own homes)
Malcom X College
Renamed after the famous civil rights leader Malcom X in 1959, this establishment is a city community college. Historically an African American college, its Hispanic enrollment now excceeds one-quarter of the student population. The college has launched a distance learning initiative and is committed to life-long learning. Its educational programs include those to prepare unemployed and low-income women with start-up business skills, to train community residents in construction trades, to teach office technology to homeless and unemployed individuals as well as workplace language and computer literacy training.
During World War ||, the West Town area of Chicago began a process of change. It transformed from a predominantly working class community inhabited in the 1950s and 60s by European ethnic groups, into a predominantly Latino and African American community. Many Latinos were forced to move into the area after being displaced by urban renewal projects in neighboring communities. This change caused class conflicts to emerge and during this time were were serious problems with police harassment and discrimination. On June 4th, 1977, a rebellion occurred in Humbolt Park that resulted in 3 deaths, 164 arrests, 8 building lootings and the injury of 56 police officers. The National Guard was called in to calm the area residents who later formed the West Town Concerned Citizens group to address police brutality and other issues.
Manufacturing and Industry
The loss of 233,873 manufacturing jobs in Chicago due to an economic depression between 1970 and 1984 affected many area residents. They were forced into lower paying, less stable jobs in the service sector. In this period, there were 43% fewer West Town residents working in manufacturing. Meanwhile, white-collar employment in West Town increased to 35% by 1980. The Kinzie Industrial Corridor was re-zoned in 1998 as a "Protected Manufacturing District" and runs, in part, through the area along Kinzie Street. It is intended to save area manufacturers from being wiped out by other business functions and ensures virtually no residental conversions. This square-mile industrial section is home to over 600 businesses and 15,000 jobs.