Image References

Samuel J. Miller (American; ?–1888). Frederick Douglass, 1847/52. Daguerreotype; 14 x 10.6 cm (5 1/2 x 4 1/8 in.). The Art Institute of Chicago, Major Acquisitions Centennial Endowment (1996.433).
J. T. Zealy (American, act. 1850s). Delia, 1850. Daguerreotype; 8.9 x 6.4 cm (3 1/2 x 2 1/2 in.) Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Photo: Hillel Burger.
J. T. Zealy. Jack, 1850. Daguerreotype; 8.9 x 6.4 cm (3 1/2 x 2 1/2 in.). Peabody Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass. Photo: Hillel Burger.
Frontispiece from Frederick Douglass, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, Written by Himself (Boston, 1845).
Ezra Greenlead Weld (American; act. 1845–69). Frederick Douglass at an Outdoor Abolitionist Meeting, Cazenovia, New York, 1850. Daguerrotype; 14 x 11.4 cm ( 5 1/2 x 4 1/2 in.). Madison County Historical Society, Oneida, New York.
Artist unknown. Frederick Douglass, c. 1855. Daguerreotype; 7 x 4.6 cm (2 3/4 x 1 13/16 in.). The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, The Rubel Collection, promised gift of William Rubel, 1997 (1997.84.8).
Artist unknown. Frederick Douglass, c. 1850 (copy after plate made in 1840s). Daguerreotype; 8 x 6.9 cm (3 1/8 x 2 3/4 in.). National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (NPG.80.21).
Artist unknown. Frederick A. Douglass, c. mid-1840s. Daguerreotype; 8 x 7 cm (3 1/8 x 2 3/4 in.). Collection of Chester County Historical Society, West Chester, Penn.
A. Berghaus (19th century). M.B. Brady's New Photographic Studio, c. 1860. Wood engraving from Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, Jan. 5, 1861; Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. (LC-USZ62–114481).
J. P. Ball (American; 1825–1904). Alexander Thorn, Photographer, Wearing Vest, Bow Tie, and Jacket, c. 1850s. Daguerreotype; 7.6 x 8.9 cm (3 x 3 1/2 in.). Cincinnati Historical Society.
Artist unknown. William Lloyd Garrison, c. 1855. Oil on canvas; 76.2 x 63.5 cm (30 x 25 in.). National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., gift of Marlies R. and Sylvester G. March (NPG.84.205).
Map of Western Reserve area. Photo: Walter C. Kidney, Historic Buildings of Ohio (Pittsburgh, 1972), p. 2.
Augustus Washington (American [born in Liberia]; 1820/21–?). John Brown, c. 1847. Daguerreotype; 10.2 x 8.3 cm (4 x 3 1/4 in.). National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., purchased with major acquisition funds donated by Betty Adler Schermer in honor of her great-grandfather August M. Dondi, who joined John Brown's band of "Free Staters" in their struggle with pro-slavery raiders in the Kansas Territory from 1856 to 1858 (NPG.96.123).
Douglass Confronts Opponents to Abolition at an Antislavery Meeting in Indiana, engraving from Frederick Douglass, Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (Hartford, Conn., 1881; repr. New York, 1983), facing p. 234.
Artist unknown. Thomas Auld, c. 1870.
Albumen print; 17.8 x 12.7 cm (7 x 5 in.). Private collection. Photo: courtesy National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.