Finding Aid for Paris Salon Catalogs

Government-sponsored Salon (1673-1880)
Between 1667 and 1789 the French monarchy sponsored periodic exhibitions of works by members of the Acadmie royale de peinture et de sculpture. Printed catalogs for these Salons, called livrets, were first issued in 1673. Beginning in 1791 the Salon was sponsored by varying government bodies. The Acadmie royale was replaced by the cole des beaux-arts in 1795 and the Salon was opened to all artists. During the course of the nineteenth century the Salon became an annual event and was designated the exposition officielle from the 1866 catalog.

A scholarly reprint edition of the Salon catalogs for 1673 to 1800 was published by Liepmannsohn et Dufour (1869-1872) entitled Collection des livrets des anciennes expositions depuis 1673 jusquen 1800; Ryersons entry is under the title; call no. Stack 3 707.44436 S175co 1869; there is an artist index at Stack 3 707.44436 S175co 1869 Table. This edition contains historical and bibliographical notes.

A facsimile reprint edition of all the official Salon catalogs issued between 1673 and 1880 that also includes the catalogs of several other exhibitions, notably that of the Salon des refuss (1863) was edited by H.W. Janson and published in 1977-1978 by Garland, entitled Catalogues of the Paris Salon, 1673 to 1881. This set includes the first issue of the successor catalog to the official Salons, issued by the Societe des artistes francais (see below) in 1881. Ryerson seems to have purchased only reprints of titles it lacked in the original. Call no. for the Garland volumes is Stack 3 707.44436 P232ec.

Catalogs of Salons from 1800+ are being reprinted afresh in facsimile by Pierre Sanchez, Les catalogues des salons des beaux-arts (Paris, 1999-), call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232ecc, with indexes in each volume.

Finding Salon Catalogs to 1880 in the library catalog:
The individual catalogs have lengthy titles that varied over time, often indicative of the changing scope of the exhibitions.
Do an AUTHOR/SUBJECT search for Salon (Exhibition: Paris, France) to find most entries. Ryersons holdings are not always complete.

1673-1800: Collection des livrets des anciennes expositions depuis 1673 jusqu'en 1800
call no. Stack 3 707.44436 S175co 1869
author Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)

1801-1880: Explication des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure, dessins, modles, etc.
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232e
author Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)
 
Reprints (usually lacking in the original) have the title Catalogues of the Paris Salon, 1673 to
1881
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232ec
A subsequent reprint edition of catalogs from 1801-1880, with various indexes, is Les catalogues des salons des beaux-arts
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232ecc vols. 1-[12]

Illustrated catalogs of the government-sponsored Salon to 1880
After the scandal surrounding the Salon de refuses in 1863, the magazine L'autographe published illustrated surveys of the salons of 1864 and 1865 in line drawings and caricature. Prior to regular commercial publication of illustrated catalogs of the official Salon, initiated by Ludovic Baschet in 1879, there were at least two large volumes of plates published by Goupil, for the Salons of 1872 and 1874 (Ryerson has only 1874). In 1879 Baschet also published the first volume in another, projected series of illustrated catalogs: Salon illustre de 1879. Georges Lafenestre edited a series of volumes, beginning in 1879 and extending to 1891, that included works from the government-sponsored official Salon (1879-1880), the successor Salon of the Socit des artistes franais (1881-1890) and the rival Salon of the Socit nationale des beaux- arts (1890-1891).

Illustrated catalogs include only selected works, not all works exhibited.

Finding Illustrated Salon Catalogs to 1880:
1864-1865: Lautographe
call no. F Special K  Z42 .A94 v.1-3 title Lautographe au salon de
1872, 1874: The illustrated Goupil catalogs call no. FF Stack 708.4 P23scgo 1874 author Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France) title Salon de 1874.
1879-1891: The illustrated catalogs edited by Georges Lafenestre call no. Stack 3 707.44436 P232L
author Lafenestre, Georges
title Le Livre dor du Salon de peinture et de sculpture.
1879-1914: The illustrated Baschet catalogs call no. Stack 3 707.44436 S175c
author Salon (Exhibition : Paris, France)
title Catalogue Illustr.


Socit des artistes franais (1881-)
Beginning in 1881 the French government relinquished responsibility for sponsoring the official Salons. This function was assumed by the Socit des artistes franais (SAF) which held annual exhibitions and issued accompanying catalogs continually through 1914. No Salons were held between 1915 and 1918. In 1919 a joint exhibition was held with the rival organization, the
 
Socit nationale des beaux-arts (SNBA), for which an illustrated catalog was issued:
Exposition organise au profit des oeuvres de guerre.
Annual Salons sponsored by the SAF resumed in 1920. From 1940 onward the Salons were organized collaboratively with various other organizations. The 1940 catalog was issued under the title Exposition de lart franais. Beginning in 1941 the catalogs were titled simply Salon; from the early 1970s onward Le Salon. In addition to the year, these publications bear the numerical designations of the official Salons reckoning back to 1673.


Finding SAF catalogs in the library catalog:
1881-1939: Explication des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, architecture, gravure et lithographie des artistes vivants
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232e
A subsequent reprint edition of catalogs from 1880 (in progress): Les catalogues des salons des beaux-arts
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232ecc vols. 13+;
1919: Exposition organise au profit des oeuvres de guerre
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 N276ex
1940: Exposition de lart franais
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232e 1940
1941+: Salon
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232ea
In 1983, the SAF began issuing its exhibition catalogs under the title Salon des artistes franais.


Illustrated catalogs of the Salon of the Socit des artistes franais (1881- )
Between 1879 and 1914, Baschet and successor publishers issued their catalogs under the title: Catalogue illustr du Salon de . A series of deluxe, illustrated catalogs for the official Salon, which later included works exhibited at the Salon of the Socit nationale des beaux-arts, also was published by Baschet and successors between 1880 and 1908, with the titles Exposition des beaux-arts (Salon de  ) (1880-1882); Salon de  (1883-1900); and Les Salons de  (1901-
1908). English-language editions appeared for at least some volumes in this series.
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, various publishers issued individual, illustrated volumes for either the official SFA Salon or the rival Salon of the Socit nationale des beaux-arts, or both. Notable among these are: Le livre d'or du Salon de peinture et de
sculpture (1879-1891), edited by Georges Lafenestre; Paris-Salon (1881-1893), published by E. Bernard; and L'Art dcoratif aux Expositions des beaux-arts, published by Armand Gurinet between 1898 and 1913.
The official Salon catalogs included illustrations beginning in 1920.


Finding SAF illustrated catalogs in the library catalog:
1879-1890: Le livre d'or du Salon de peinture et de sculpture
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232L
1879-1914: Catalogue illustr du Salon de
 
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 S175c
And call no. Microfilm  1999 2 1879-1913
1880-1882: Exposition des beaux-arts (Salon de  )
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 A673e
1881-1893?: Paris-Salon
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 A673p
And call no. Microfilm 1977 9 1881
1882: Le Salon : illustr par les principaux artistes, peintres et sculpteurs
Ryerson lacks
1883-1900: Salon de
Call no. Stack 3  708.4 P23scg
1885-1900? Figaro-Salon
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 F471
1899-1904? Le Panorama-Salon
Call no. ff Stack  707.44436 P195
1901-1908: Les Salons de
Call no. Stack 3  708.4 P23scg
1934 Paris Salon Illustrated
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 A673pi 1934
Selected works were included in publications by A. Gurinet from 1896 to 1913 under the titles:
L'Art dcoratif aux Expositions des beaux-arts (1898-1904); and LArt decorative aux Salons de
 (1905-1913) Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 S676a. Ryerson has only 1907 and 1908. Ryerson also holds the 1896 edition of Gurinets L'Architecture aux Salons, call no. ff Stack  707.44436
A673  1896.


The Salon des Independents (1884-)
An annual exhibition of the Socit des artistes indpendants, held in Paris since 1884. In the course of revolutionary developments in painting in late 19th-century France, both artists and the public became increasingly unhappy with the rigid and exclusive policies of the official Salon. In 1863 the Salon des Refuss was held by command of Napoleon III for artists whose works had been rejected by the official Salon. In 1880 the Salon rejected the work of many
Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painters; consequently, in 1883 the Impressionists organized a second Salon des Refuss. By 1884 the Socit des artistes indpendants had been founded, to hold unjuried exhibitions, which would accept the work of any artist who wished to participate. The group's first show, held in the pavilion of the city of Paris, included paintings
by Odilon Redon, Henri-dmond Cross, Paul Signac, Paul Czanne, Paul Gauguin, Henri de
Toulouse-Lautrec, Vincent van Gogh, and Georges Seurat, whose Bathers at Asnires (1883
84) had been refused by the official Salon that same year. By 1905 Henri Rousseau, Pierre
Bonnard, Henri Matisse, and the Fauves had all exhibited at this annual show.

The Salon des Indpendants (held since 1950 at the Grand Palais in Paris) had about 3,000 members at the turn of the 21st century. Many have received international acclaim for their role
 
in avant-garde art movements. The Salon des Indpendants is now only one of many outlets for new art in Paris, along with the Salon d'Automne, Salon de Mai, Salon de la Jeune Peinture, and Salon des Ralits Nouvelles, among others. (Encyclopedia Britannica)

Jean Monneret, Catalogue raisonn du Salon des Indpendants, 1884-2000: les Indpendants dans l'histoire de l'art (Paris, [2000]), call no. Stack 3 707.44436 I385e 2002, provides a detailed overview of the society and its exhibitions, including an alphabetical index of artists and the years they exhibited through the year 2000.
Dominique Lobstein, Dictionnaire des independants, 1884-1914 (Dijon, 2003) 3 v., call no. Stack 3  707.44436 I385L, provides an alphabetic list of artists and their works for the first three decades of expositions.


Finding Salon des Independents catalogs in the library catalog:
Author: Socit des artistes indpendants (Paris, France)
1884-1993: Exposition
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 I385e
1994+: Le Salon des indpendants
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 I385ea


Socit nationale des beaux-arts (1890-)
Originally established in 1862, the Socit nationale des beaux-arts (SNBA) ceased to mount exhibitions after its 1864 Delacroix retrospective until it was revitalized in 1890 as a rival organization to the official Salon of the Socit des artistes franais. Known as the Salon de Champs-de-Mars, its annual exhibitions traditionally opened two weeks later than those of the official Salon des Champs-lyses. Catalogs were issued between 1890 and 1939 under the title: Catalogue des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture et gravure; the title varied slightly over time, indicative of the changing scope of the exhibitions. No Salons were held between 1915
and 1918. In 1919 a joint exhibition was held with the rival organization, the Socit des artistes franais, for which an illustrated catalog was issued: Exposition organise au profit des oeuvres
de guerre. Between 1940 and 1953 the SNBA, together with the Socit des artistes franais and other organizations held collaborative annual salons for which single catalogs were issued (see Socit des artistes franais (1881-), above.
From 1954 onward, the SNBA resumed its independent annual exhibitions for which catalogs were issued under the title: Salon.


Finding SNBA salon catalogs in the library catalog:
1890-1939: Catalogue des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture et gravure
Call no.: Stack 3 707.44436 N276c 1890 and Stack 3  707.44436 N276ca
1919: Exposition organise au profit des oeuvres de guerre
Call no.: Stack 3  707.44436 N276ex
1940: Exposition de lart franais
Call no.: Stack 3  707.44436 P232e 1940
 
1941+: Salon
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 P232ea


Illustrated catalogs of the Salon of the Socit nationale des beaux-arts (1890- )
From the inception of its annual Salons in 1890 through 1914, the Socit nationale des beaux- arts issued an official, illustrated catalog: Catalogue illustr des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture et gravure exposs au Champ-de-Mars (1890-1898), succeeded by Catalogue illustr du Salon
de  (1899-1914). The 1890 and 1891 volumes edited by Georges Lafenestre: Le livre d'or du Salon de peinture et de sculpture are illustrated catalogs covering both the official Salon and the Salon of the Nationale. The regular catalogs of the Salon were illustrated beginning in 1924, although an illustrated supplement was issued for a few years prior to that date: Salon illustr: annexe au catalogue official.
A facsimile reprint edition of the illustrated Salon catalogs issued between 1890 and 1899 was published in 1981 by Garland under the title: Salon of the Nationale as part of the Garland Publishing series Modern Art in Paris.
Illustrated catalogs do not illustrate all works in the exhibitions.


Finding SNBA illustrated catalogs in the library catalog:
1890-1898: Catalogue illustr des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture et gravure exposs au
Champ-de-Mars [Ryerson lacks]
1890: Le livre d'or du Salon de peinture et de sculpture
Call no.: Stack 3 707.44436 P232L
1890-1899 [reprint]: Salon of the Nationale
Call no.: Stack 3  707.44436 N276cat
1899-1914: Catalogue illustr du Salon de
Call no.: Stack 3  707.44436 N276cata
1922-1923: Salon illustr: annexe au catalogue official [Ryerson lacks]
1898-1913: publications by A. Gurinet reproduce selected images from various salons: L'Art dcoratif aux Expositions des beaux-arts (1898-1904); and LArt decorative aux Salons de  (1905-1913) Call no.: Stack 3  707.44436 S676a


The Salon dAutomne (1903-)
An annual exhibition, its name derived from the fact it was held in autumn in Paris. It was established in 1903 as an alternative to the official Salon. Bonnard, Matisse, Marquet, and Rouault were foundation members. Its best remembered exhibition was that held in 1905 when Matisse and his associates were labelled Fauves by the critic Louis Vauxcelles. The early Salons d'Automne were also important in establishing the reputations of Gauguin and Czanne, with major retrospective shows in 1906 and 1907 respectively. (Oxford Dictionary of Art) Exhibitions were not held in 1914-1918, 1939, 1964, 1966, 1968, 1974, 1995


Useful summary publications include:
L'art en effervescence : 100 ans de salon d'automne, 1903-2003. (Paris : Adagp, 2003, 3 v., Call
 
no. Stack 3  707.44436 A939a. T.1-2 provide a useful historical synthesis, t.3 is an alphabetical list of artists and their years of participation (but not works exhibited),1903-2003.
Pierre Sanchez. Dictionnaire du Salon d'Automne : rpertoire des exposants et liste des oeuvres prsentes, 1903-1945 (Dijon: Echelle de Jacob, 2006), 3 v., call no. Stack K N6850 .S26 2006 provides an alphabetical list of artists and works exhibited 1903-1945.


Finding Salon dAutomne catalogs in the library catalog:
All catalogs are entered under the author Salon dAutomne; titles vary slightly from year to year.
1903: Catalogue de peinture, dessin, sculpture, gravure, architecture et arts dcoratif
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 A939s
1903-5: Catalogue de peinture, dessin, sculpture, gravure, architecture et arts dcoratif
Call no. Microfiche  2001 2 1903-05
1906-1945: Catalogue des ouvrages de peinture, sculpture, dessin, gravure, architecture et art
dcoratif
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 A939sa
And call no. Microfiche  2001 3 1906-45
1946-1965: Catalogue
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 A939saa
And call no. Microfiche 2001 4 1946-58
1967+: Salon dAutomne
Call no. Stack 3  707.44436 A939sab