When Alexander the Great seized Egypt on his mission to conquer the Persian Empire in 332 B.C., he was one in a long line of Greeks who were dazzled by Egypt and its ancient culture. The legendary Greek historian Herodotus had remarked in the fifth century B.C., “this country has more marvels and monuments that defy description than any other,” and indeed those “marvels and monuments” had been drawing Greeks to Egypt for centuries—as tourists, traders, diplomats, and soldiers. Despite this cultural contact, the art and architecture of the Egyptian kingdom had retained its distinct style, uninfluenced by its frequent visitors. In fact, Egypt’s unique art forms had persisted for more than 3,000 years!
When Ptolemy, one of Alexander’s generals, came to rule Egypt, he found it wise to adapt to the older culture. He installed himself as “pharaoh,” built a new capital at Alexandria, and united the two major gods of each nation to form a new universal deity, Zeus Amon. The era of Ptolemy’s dynasty is known as the Ptolemaic Period, acknowledging the 300-year Greek rule that began with Alexander the Great and ended with the suicide of Queen Cleopatra in 30 B.C. It was an age of profound curiosity and rich experimentation, as the Greeks, and later the Romans, met an established culture far older than their own and exchanged artistic, social, and religious ideas with the ancient civilization.
This exhibition explores this confluence of cultures through over 75 artworks. Gilded mummy masks, luxury glass, magical amulets, and portraits in stone and precious metals, demonstrate the integration of foreign styles while also paying tribute to the enduring legacy of ancient Egypt’s distinctive visual culture.
Sponsor This exhibition is generously funded by the Jaharis Family Foundation, Inc.
16 hours 40 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago #TBT The Art Institute's main building was originally constructed for the World's Columbian Exposition in 1893. Our famous lions were added later that year and have been "guarding" the museum ever since.
1 day 19 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago CLOSING IN LESS THAN TWO WEEKS—See #VanGoghsBedrooms before the show ends May 10.
This unprecedented exhibition unites all three versions of Van Gogh’s Bedroom paintings for the first time in North America, offering an innovative yet intimate look at one of the most beloved and often-misunderstood artists of all time.
1 day 21 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago COMING IN MAY—Introduce your toddlers and crawlers to the museum through Story Time in the Galleries.
Families with children ages 18 months to 3 years are invited to celebrate some of our favorite children's picture books. Look, listen, and enjoy a story among the art in our galleries every Tuesday in May.