When Alexander the Great seized Egypt on his mission to conquer the Persian Empire in 332 B.C., he was one in a long line of Greeks who were dazzled by Egypt and its ancient culture. The legendary Greek historian Herodotus had remarked in the fifth century B.C., “this country has more marvels and monuments that defy description than any other,” and indeed those “marvels and monuments” had been drawing Greeks to Egypt for centuries—as tourists, traders, diplomats, and soldiers. Despite this cultural contact, the art and architecture of the Egyptian kingdom had retained its distinct style, uninfluenced by its frequent visitors. In fact, Egypt’s unique art forms had persisted for more than 3,000 years!
When Ptolemy, one of Alexander’s generals, came to rule Egypt, he found it wise to adapt to the older culture. He installed himself as “pharaoh,” built a new capital at Alexandria, and united the two major gods of each nation to form a new universal deity, Zeus Amon. The era of Ptolemy’s dynasty is known as the Ptolemaic Period, acknowledging the 300-year Greek rule that began with Alexander the Great and ended with the suicide of Queen Cleopatra in 30 B.C. It was an age of profound curiosity and rich experimentation, as the Greeks, and later the Romans, met an established culture far older than their own and exchanged artistic, social, and religious ideas with the ancient civilization.
This exhibition explores this confluence of cultures through over 75 artworks. Gilded mummy masks, luxury glass, magical amulets, and portraits in stone and precious metals, demonstrate the integration of foreign styles while also paying tribute to the enduring legacy of ancient Egypt’s distinctive visual culture.
Sponsor This exhibition is generously funded by the Jaharis Family Foundation, Inc.
10 hours 48 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago A kiss under the mistletoe? Plant one on that special somebody and share your glad tidings with fellow art lovers around the world.
Post your photos in the comments or on Twitter and Instagram @artinstitutechi.
16 hours 24 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago Happy birthday to the famous artist and chronicler of Parisian nightlife Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
This poster is said to have launched the career of French can-can dancer Jane Avril, whose alluring and unique stage persona inspired Nicole Kidman’s character in the film Moulin Rouge.
See two rarely exhibited prints of Jane Avril along with several other works by Toulouse-Lautrec in Gallery 242.
19 hours 50 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago FRIDAY–Start the holidays off with a roar at the 24th Annual Wreathing of the Lions.
Warm up with complimentary hot chocolate and enjoy the family festivities. Free and open to the public!