A thrilling new acquisition will be unveiled this holiday season: a mid-18th-century Neapolitan crèche. One of the very few and finest examples of such a work outside of Naples, the crèche is an intricate Nativity scene that reflects the vitality and artisanship that the city is still known for. The Art Institute’s crèche features over 200 figures—including no less than 50 animals and 41 items of food and drink—all staged in a spectacular Baroque cabinet with a painted backdrop. Elaborate, complex, and wondrous, the Neapolitan crèche is a rare example of the genre and a once-in-a-lifetime acquisition for the Art Institute.
Sacred imagery reenacting the Nativity has its roots in fourth-century Rome but by the 13th and 14th centuries, in part due to its association with St. Francis of Assisi, such scenes had become a permanent feature of Neapolitan churches. During the 18th century, the period from which most of the figures of the Art Institute’s crèche date, these relatively simple tableaux underwent a transformation into highly dramatic and theatrical renderings. Traditional sacred elements of Nativity scenes—the Holy Family, wise men, angels, and shepherds—were combined with profane aspects not of Bethlehem but of contemporary Neapolitan life—rowdy tavern scenes and bustling street activities—in dazzling displays of artistic techniques. Churches, wealthy citizens, members of the nobility, and the royal family all competed to commission the most complex presentations of this popular art form from leading artists and artisans, the same people who were creating monumental sculptures and altars for churches and palaces. These artists rendered figures in oil-painted terracotta to achieve the most realistic expressions in crèches and constructed painstakingly detailed costumes of luxurious fabrics that mimicked the fashions of the time. The Art Institute’s crèche represents the pinnacle of this artistic practice, born of the centuries-old tradition of Nativity scenes yet bursting with the energy of 18th-century Neapolitan life.
Due to the fragility of the original silk costumes and exquisite embroidery, the Neapolitan crèche can only be on view for a few weeks every year. Don’t miss your chance to revel in Baroque artistry this season!
Sponsors The Art Institute of Chicago is grateful to the following individuals for their generous support of the Neapolitan Crèche: The Nativity and Three Wise Men and Their Courts and Treasures sponsored by Mr. and Mrs. James N. Bay; The Heavenly Host sponsored by Linda and Vincent Buonanno and Family; The Taverna sponsored by the Eloise W. Martin Legacy Fund; and La Georgiana and Her Companions sponsored by Mrs. Robert O. Levitt.
2 hours 38 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago We can’t escape you, Bill Murray, and we love every minute of it.
First the iconic actor popped up in the 17th century (http://bit.ly/1MUn3EG), then he shared his life-changing experience with Song of the Lark (http://huff.to/1SuChl8). Now he finds his way into one of the museum’s most beloved works.
6 hours 8 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago Today we remember Eldzier Cortor, who passed away on Thanksgiving. He spoke with us about his life and work during a career retrospective earlier this spring.
20 hours 40 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago Happy birthday to William Adolphe Bouguereau.
Though largely forgotten today, Bouguereau was once one of the most popular painters in Europe. His realistic depictions of classical subjects made him a bastion of academic painting and also a central target of the young Impressionists who regarded his work as overly polished and conservative.
Since the rise of Modernism, Bouguereau's name has largely gone unmentioned in the canons of art history while the reputation of the Impressionists has grown immensely.
See The Bathers in Gallery 223.