Presenting 13 paintings by South American artists from the 17th through 19th century, this focused exhibition introduces visitors to images promoted by several Catholic orders at work in the Spanish Andes—the Dominicans, Franciscans, Mercedarians, and Jesuits—examining the politics of the distinct iconographies each group developed as they vied for devotees and dominion.
Francisco Pizarro arrived in Peru with a mandate from Charles V to impose Spanish law and order, as well as the Roman Catholic religion, upon the indigenous Inca society that he encountered. The enormous task of converting the indigenous peoples of Spain’s overseas territories to Christianity fell largely to missionaries from several religious orders rather than parish clergy. For a native population that had no written language tradition, the missionaries relied heavily on works of art to illustrate their sermons and lessons and help them gain converts.
In the wake of the Protestant Reformation, the Catholic church embraced the use of images both as pedagogical tools and instruments of devotion, and the religious orders in South America relied on them in similar ways—as didactic materials employed in the teaching of new converts, and in later years as a means of spreading devotions specific to their own interests. While their ultimate goals were the same, each religious order promoted images specific to their own histories, identities, and goals. This exhibition explores examples of the iconographies that were particular to each group.
Sponsors Doctrine and Devotion: Art of the Religious Orders in the Spanish Andes is generously supported by the Carl and Marilynn Thoma Art Foundation.
4 hours 59 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago “One day, I had a dream… there were three black boots in the middle of the road, with very high houses."
These are the words of Tarsila do Amaral, one of the leaders behind Anthropophagy, a national art movement that arose in 1920s Brazil with the goal of “cannibalizing” aspects of European modern art in order to make a new, more distinctly indigenous style. #5WomenArtists
Explore Tarsila’s work in depth when Tarsila do Amaral: Reinventing Modern Art in Brazil opens at the Art Institute this October.
Image: Tarsila do Amaral. City (The Street), 1929. Collection of Bolsa de Arte.
6 hours 59 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago NOW ON VIEW—Who Builds Your Architecture?
Whether majestic skyscrapers, eye-catching museums, or sprawling residential complexes, buildings emerge from intricate, lengthy processes of design and construction that involve a host of different actors. The New York–based group Who Builds Your Architecture? (WBYA?), who gives the show its name, presents research related to migrant workers and the global construction industry.
1 day 2 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago Saints & Heroes brings the spiritual, domestic, and chivalric worlds of the Middle Ages and Renaissance to life in the 21st century.