Mary Louise Reynolds (1891–1950) was one of the central figures of the Surrealist movement. As a young American war widow, Reynolds moved to Paris in 1919, where she lived for the rest of her life, except during 1943–44, the last two years of the Nazi occupation.In Paris she met the circle of artists and writers who formed the Surrealist movement, becoming a lifelong friend and benefactor to many of them.Reynolds met Marcel Duchamp (1887–1968) in July 1923 and began what he called “a true liaison, over many, many years, and very agreeable.”
In the 1920s, Reynolds studied in the atelier of Parisian master bookbinder Pierre Legrain (1888–1929).She applied her skills to the books given to her by such friends as Man Ray, Paul Éluard, Max Ernst, André Breton, Jean Cocteau, and Salvador Dalí. She chose materials that were visually and intellectually surprising: corset stays, broken teacup handles, thermometers, sponge rubber, reptile skins, and kid gloves.Duchamp described her bindings as being “marked by a decidedly surrealist approach and an unpredictable fantasy.”
After Reynolds’s death, her brother Frank B. Hubachek, a trustee of the Art Institute of Chicago, decided to keep her collection of nearly 300 books, exhibition catalogues, periodicals, pamphlets, and other ephemera together as a memorial and donated it to the museum in 1954. At the heart of the Mary Reynolds Collection, housed within the Ryerson and Burnham Libraries, are 74 volumes bound by Reynolds.This exhibition showcases a selection of these visionary and uniquely surreal artworks.