During the 15th century, quickly painted woodcuts were the favorite art form of the masses. The woodblock’s hardy constitution allowed thousands of impressions to be printed so that they were much more affordable than paintings or manuscript illuminations. Yet despite their initial numbers and popularity, very few sheets have survived—in some cases, only a single one.
This exhibition brings together a small group of brilliantly colored European woodcuts that show exactly how a largely illiterate public liked their devotional imagery: raw, emotional, and very bloody. Indeed, Christ’s blood flows freely throughout the works gathered in this intimate exhibition—thickly painted onto his tortured body and symbolically transmuting from wine into blood at the Last Supper and later, miraculously, during the Eucharist. The Scourging of Christ woodcut particularly demonstrates a fascination with violence. While the print originally included no indication of blood, it was supplied in abundance in the hand-colored impression. As this print has never before been exhibited—and exposed to the harmful effects of light—its garish tones look the way they did when the color was first applied.
In fact, many of these rare early German woodcuts were vibrantly decorated with stencils and less stable media such as hand-coloring or gold-leaf illumination, which is why they have been infrequently displayed at the Art Institute of Chicago. To limit fading, hand-colored prints can be exposed to light for a maximum of three months every five years. Thus, four of the woodcuts in this exhibition will be exchanged halfway through the six-month installation, offering an unusual opportunity to see a total of eight of the museum’s early hand-colored prints.
For even more early German woodcuts, leaf through the pages of our Devotional Scrapbook online, one selection from the Department of Prints and Drawings and the Ryerson and Burham Libraries Special Collections that has been digitized as part of Turning the Pages.
5 hours 32 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago This bronze by Daniel Chester French is a reduced version of the full-size statue in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., which French worked on with the architect Henry Bacon. The Lincoln Memorial has remained a cherished destination at the National Mall since its dedication in 1922.
Find French's historic depiction of Lincoln in our galleries of American art.
2 days 7 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago NOW OPEN—Abstract Experiments: Latin American Art on Paper after 1950
During the mid-20th century, Latin American artists were active in the evolving international discourse on modernity, at a time of industrial expansion and political transformation in South America.
Abstract Experiments provides an illuminating complement to Hélio Oiticica: To Organize Delirium and reflects the Art Institute’s recent efforts to expand its holdings of Latin American painting, sculpture, and works on paper.
3 days 1 hour ago The Art Institute of Chicago NOW OPEN—Hélio Oiticica: To Organize Delirium
The Art Institute presents the first U.S. retrospective of this groundbreaking Brazilian artist. A relentless innovator always pushing the boundaries of art, Oiticica is arguably the most influential Latin American artist of the post–World War II period and is recognized for inspiring Tropicália, a powerful movement that influenced art across media in Brazil.
In addition to viewing his early works on paper, visitors are invited to take off their shoes and walk through immersive sand-filled installations, view Amazonian parrots, and try on wearable objects designed by the artist.