During the 15th century, quickly painted woodcuts were the favorite art form of the masses. The woodblock’s hardy constitution allowed thousands of impressions to be printed so that they were much more affordable than paintings or manuscript illuminations. Yet despite their initial numbers and popularity, very few sheets have survived—in some cases, only a single one.
This exhibition brings together a small group of brilliantly colored European woodcuts that show exactly how a largely illiterate public liked their devotional imagery: raw, emotional, and very bloody. Indeed, Christ’s blood flows freely throughout the works gathered in this intimate exhibition—thickly painted onto his tortured body and symbolically transmuting from wine into blood at the Last Supper and later, miraculously, during the Eucharist. The Scourging of Christ woodcut particularly demonstrates a fascination with violence. While the print originally included no indication of blood, it was supplied in abundance in the hand-colored impression. As this print has never before been exhibited—and exposed to the harmful effects of light—its garish tones look the way they did when the color was first applied.
In fact, many of these rare early German woodcuts were vibrantly decorated with stencils and less stable media such as hand-coloring or gold-leaf illumination, which is why they have been infrequently displayed at the Art Institute of Chicago. To limit fading, hand-colored prints can be exposed to light for a maximum of three months every five years. Thus, four of the woodcuts in this exhibition will be exchanged halfway through the six-month installation, offering an unusual opportunity to see a total of eight of the museum’s early hand-colored prints.
For even more early German woodcuts, leaf through the pages of our Devotional Scrapbook online, one selection from the Department of Prints and Drawings and the Ryerson and Burham Libraries Special Collections that has been digitized as part of Turning the Pages.
3 hours 34 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago This Friday our beloved lions don their evergreen wreaths again, a tradition 24 years and running. But event regulars may recall the lions have sported other looks before.
Learn how the Modern Wing, solar power, and the wishes of thousands of schoolchildren briefly changed a Chicago tradition.
21 hours 26 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago A kiss under the mistletoe? Plant one on that special somebody and share your glad tidings with fellow art lovers around the world.
Post your photos in the comments or on Twitter and Instagram @artinstitutechi.
1 day 3 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago Happy birthday to the famous artist and chronicler of Parisian nightlife Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec.
This poster is said to have launched the career of French can-can dancer Jane Avril, whose alluring and unique stage persona inspired Nicole Kidman’s character in the film Moulin Rouge.
See two rarely exhibited prints of Jane Avril along with several other works by Toulouse-Lautrec in Gallery 242.