During the 15th century, quickly painted woodcuts were the favorite art form of the masses. The woodblock’s hardy constitution allowed thousands of impressions to be printed so that they were much more affordable than paintings or manuscript illuminations. Yet despite their initial numbers and popularity, very few sheets have survived—in some cases, only a single one.
This exhibition brings together a small group of brilliantly colored European woodcuts that show exactly how a largely illiterate public liked their devotional imagery: raw, emotional, and very bloody. Indeed, Christ’s blood flows freely throughout the works gathered in this intimate exhibition—thickly painted onto his tortured body and symbolically transmuting from wine into blood at the Last Supper and later, miraculously, during the Eucharist. The Scourging of Christ woodcut particularly demonstrates a fascination with violence. While the print originally included no indication of blood, it was supplied in abundance in the hand-colored impression. As this print has never before been exhibited—and exposed to the harmful effects of light—its garish tones look the way they did when the color was first applied.
In fact, many of these rare early German woodcuts were vibrantly decorated with stencils and less stable media such as hand-coloring or gold-leaf illumination, which is why they have been infrequently displayed at the Art Institute of Chicago. To limit fading, hand-colored prints can be exposed to light for a maximum of three months every five years. Thus, four of the woodcuts in this exhibition will be exchanged halfway through the six-month installation, offering an unusual opportunity to see a total of eight of the museum’s early hand-colored prints.
For even more early German woodcuts, leaf through the pages of our Devotional Scrapbook online, one selection from the Department of Prints and Drawings and the Ryerson and Burham Libraries Special Collections that has been digitized as part of Turning the Pages.
1 hour 47 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago CLOSING SOON—The Inspired Chinese Brush
Chinese artists of the 16th through 18th century elegantly capture details from nature with a range of visual effects, on view through July 11.
23 hours 16 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago Join us for a series of classic films from the 1930s that reflect the social and cultural themes found in our current exhibition America after the Fall: Painting in the 1930s.
1 day 2 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago “My talent is such that no undertaking, however vast in size... has ever surpassed my courage.” -Peter Paul Rubens
Happy birthday to the Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens. His talent wasn’t limited to being one of the most celebrated Flemish painters, however; his undertakings also included being a humanist scholar and diplomat, knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England.
See six courageous works by Rubens on view in Gallery 208.