Paintings typically have layered structures consisting of a support, preparation, one or more paint layers, and in many instances, a coat of varnish. The support may be a fabric stretched around a wooden framework called a stretcher or strainer, or itmay consist of a panel made of wood or some other material. The support is usually prepared with a white or tinted ground layer. Next the artist may make an initial sketch or underdrawing on the ground or in some cases transfer the design from well-developed preparatory drawings onto the ground to use as a guide while painting. The paint layer or layers are composed of pigments suspended in a binding medium such as drying oil, egg tempera, plant gum, animal glue, or one of a number of synthetics such as an acrylic polymer. A final coating with a varnish layer, traditionally done with Old Master and 19th-century paintings, is frequently eliminated in modern and contemporary works.
This photomicrograph reveals layering of paint on The Old Guitarist.
1 day 11 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago Congratulations to the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture on their grand opening this weekend. The building, designed by architect David Adjaye, is a truly historic addition to the National Mall in Washington D.C. #APeoplesJourney #MakingHistory
1 day 14 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago Time machines, superheroes, wild creatures, and more… JourneyMaker makes every visit to the museum an adventure.
Try this new digital interactive for families in the museum’s Ryan Learning Center, located in the Modern Wing, or print out a tour at home.
2 days 12 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago Today marks the autumn equinox and the official end of summer. Celebrate the changing of the seasons with the latest in ARTicle’s Sound and Vision series, matching songs from around the world with our encyclopedic collection.