It's easy to consider Labor Day, and the three-day weekend it allows, as our given right: a reward at the end of summer prepping us for the coming winter, and a logical bookend complementing Memorial Day. We barbecue, sleep in on a Monday, and get back to work. Backyard parties aren't really a great justification for a holiday, though, and Labor Day's roots are much more serious. I won't go into events like Chicago's Haymarket Riot or the tradition of child labor, but we have it better than our ancestors—three-day weekends or not.
Which brings me to our Work of the Week: a photograph by Simpson Kalisher, A Brakeman Rides a String of Cars Down a Hump. "What does this have to do with my pool party?" you're asking. Well, employers could once set the length of their workers' days—twelve hours was common. In 1916, though, with a railroad workers' strike looming, Congress negotiated with a committee of railroad labor brotherhoods and enacted the Adamson Act. We have the Adamson Act to thank for the concept of the eight-hour workday and time-and-a-half overtime pay. The idea of capping workers' hours was not new—the "short-time movement" goes back to the Industrial Revolution—but this was the first time the U.S. Government regulated by law the hours of private workers' days.
Give that some thought when you get back to work on Tuesday, whether you sit in an office or hang off the back of train cars.
Image Credit: Simpson Kalisher. A Brakeman Rides a String of Cars Down the Hump, n.d. Restricted gift of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Galter.
8 hours 8 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago CLOSING SOON—Supernatural Shakespeare
While Shakespeare’s title characters might have the most name recognition, the Bard’s meddling witches and mischievous faerie folk often steal the show. See this focused installation before it closes October 10.
11 hours 27 min ago The Art Institute of Chicago THURSDAY at 6:00—Join us for a tour of works in our collection presented in American Sign Language with voice interpretation.
1 day 8 hours ago The Art Institute of Chicago NOW OPEN—Humanism + Dynamite = The Soviet Photomontages of Aleksandr Zhitomirsky
The first exhibition in the post-Soviet world devoted to leading political artist Aleksandr Zhitomirsky offers a captivating portrayal of a satirist and loyal citizen who inventively furthered his country’s official causes across a tumultuous half-century.