Interpretive Resource

Artist Biography: John Henry Twachtman

A concise biography about Twachtman's life and work.

National Gallery of Art. Micro Gallery—National Gallery of Art. Online Content. Washington, D.C., 2004.

John Henry Twachtman
American, 1853-1902
As a member of The Ten, John Henry Twachtman was a proponent of American impressionism. He is known for subtle, poetic depictions of the landscape. He often used a limited or monochromatic palette to suggest various weather conditions.

After studying at the Royal Academy in Munich and Venice with Frank Duveneck, he briefly taught in his native city of Cincinnati and at Duveneck's school in Florence. During a stay in Paris from 1883 to 1885 Twachtman developed a style based on the Barbizon school, using the lighter palette of the impressionists.

In the late 1880s Twachtman moved to Greenwich, Connecticut, where he often repeated the same motifs—chiefly winter landscapes around his farm—under varying atmospheric conditions. His mature paintings are characterized by a close range of colors somewhat reminiscent of the tonal paintings of James McNeill Whistler.

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Education

High School

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