Interpretive Resource

Cartoon: Nine Drawings Representing Nazi War Criminals as a Ménage of Various Beasts

Cartoon: Nine Drawings Representing Nazi War Criminals as a Ménage of Various Beasts

Boris Efimov. Nine drawings representing Nazi war criminals as a ménage of various beasts, 1945. Pen, brush, and india ink; 19.2 x15 cm (max.). Ne boltai! Collection. From left to right, top to bottom are: Hjalmar Schacht, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Hermann Gôring, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Baldurvon Schirach, Julius Streicher, and Wilhelm Keitel.

Unlike Mikhail Cheremnykh, who was in Moscow when he designed TASS 1341, Efimov was in Nuremberg, covering the trial as a war correspondent. Based on firsthand observations, his caricatures of the principal Nazi criminals constitute a ménage of assorted animals such as apes, vultures, reptiles, and toads.



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