March 31October 28
Chicago collector Harvey B. Plotnick has assembled what is generally regarded as the finest private collection of early Islamic ceramics in the world. From these truly outstanding objectsmuch admired by specialists in the field of Islamic art and connoisseurs alikea selection of approximately 100 treasures ranging in date from the early Abbasid caliphate in Iraq (9th10th century) and the Mongol Ilkhanid dynasty in Iran (mid-13thmid-14th century) to the Timurid dynasty in eastern central Asia (14th15th century) is on view in the exhibition Perpetual Glory.
The dramatic development of ceramics in the medieval Islamic period has been called nothing short of an industrial revolution. Glazed potterywhite wares painted in cobalt blue, luxurious lusterware, and prized splashwarewas produced in larger quantities and varieties than ever before and was traded widely along the Silk Road. The exhibition closely examines the most important types of ceramics produced in Iraq and Iran during this timelusterware, slip-painted ceramics, underglaze-painted wares, and overglaze-painted wares most commonly known as mina’iand features these objects with a number of contextual examples from Egypt, Syria, Afghanistan, and central Asia.
The extraordinary achievements of Islamic pottery are explored in depth in the example of lusterware, which was produced through an exacting process involving the application of metallic solutionsusually copper and silver oxidesand multiple firings. Its production was a secret jealously guarded by families of craftsmen in the renowned artistic center of Kashan, Iran, in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. Lusterware was first developed in Iraq in the 9th century and was imitated and prized by the Fatimid rulers in Egypt starting in the mid-10th century before spreading to Syria, Anatolia, and ultimately Iran, where it reached its technical and artistic peak. The Plotnick collection is especially strong in its presentation of Iranian lusterwares, which in addition to their lustrous surface feature remarkable figurative images and numerous inscriptions drawn from Arabic aphorisms and blessings and Persian poetry.
This exhibition is presented in conjunction with Silk Road Chicago, a collaboration among the Art Institute of Chicago, the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, the City of Chicago Department of Cultural Affairs, and the Silk Road Project that explores the cross-cultural artistic legacy of the historic network of overland and maritime trade routes between China and the Mediterranean Sea.
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