Books and Media
Titles preceded by a plus sign (+) are available for purchase and for reference in the Elizabeth Stone Robson Teacher Resource Center. Clicking on the title of the resource will take you to an online order form. Call (312) 443-3719 for more information.
Titles preceded by an asterisk (*) are available for purchase in the Museum Shop.
Introduction to Science and Art: General Reference
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, teacher manual. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1995.
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Many Faces: Modern Portraits and Identities, teacher manual. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1997.
Bronowski, J. The Ascent of Man. Boston and Toronto: Little, Brown and Company, 1973.
Hawthorne, John G. and Cyril Stanley Smith. Theophilus on Divers Arts: The Foremost Medieval Treatise on Painting, Glassmaking and Metalwork. New York: Dover Publications, 1979.
Kalbag, Asha. Computer Graphics &Animation: An Usborne Computer Guide. Tulsa, Oklahoma: EDC Publishing, 1999.
*Miller, Jonathan. On Reflection. London: National Gallery, 1998.
*Nemett, Barry. Image, Objects and Ideas: Viewing the Visual Arts. New York: Holt, Reinhart, and Winston, Inc., c. 1992.
Rhodes, Lynette I. Science within Art. Cleveland, Ohio: Cleveland Museum of Art, 1980.
Smith, Cyril Stanley. A Search for Structure: Selected Essays on Science, Art and History. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1981.
Stafford, Barbara Maria and Frances Terpak. Devices of Wonder. Los Angeles: Getty Research Institute, 2001
. Artful Science: Enlightenment, Entertainment and the Eclipse of Visual Education. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1994.
Taylor, Joshua. Learning to Look, a Handbook for the Visual Arts. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1981.
*Thompson, Daniel V. The Materials and Techniques of Medieval Painting. New York: Dover Publications, 1956.
Wilson, Edward O. Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. New York: Vintage Books, 1998.
*Zeki, Semir. Inner Vision: An Exploration of Art and the Brain. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
James Turrell: Roden Crater
This site gives detailed information about James Turrell's site-specific project of transforming a natural cinder volcano into a large-scale interactive artwork.
Art and Astronomy
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Exploration and the Cosmos, teacher packet, The Art Institute of Chicago, 2001.
+The Art Institute of Chicago. The Arts of the Ancient Americas, teacher manual. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1992.
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Three-Quarter Field Armor from a Garniture, poster packet. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1998.
Clair, Jean, ed. Cosmos: From Romanticism to the Avant-Garde. Munich, London and New York: Prestel Verlag, 1999.
*Zukowsky, John, ed. Building for Space Travel. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers, in association with The Art Institute of Chicago, 2001.
Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum
The Web site of the Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, offers online exhibitions, space facts, student activities, and exhibition guides.
Apollo Image Gallery
View images related to the Apollo program such as crews, launches, and spaceships.
This series of interdisciplinary activities for grades k12 is based on traditional and contemporary artworks gives students the opportunity to combine their scientific understanding of the universe with their own creativity and imagination.
Historic Wings: The History of Flight
View photo documentaries and read feature stories about historical aviation and space flights and the photographers who captured them.
Mayan astronomy Web sites
Lists many sites about Mayan and Mesoamerican astronomy.
Computes today's date in the Mayan Long Count calendar.
Summarizes Mayan astronomical observations of the sun, moon, Venus, the ecliptic, and the Milky Way.
NASA's Web site provides teacher resources and student activities that relate to all aspects of flight and space.
Phases of the Moon
View photographs and animation that show the different phases of the moon.
Smithsonian National Air and Flight Museum
Explore interactive online exhibits and research online activity guides and classroom information relating to space and flight.
This site is dedicated to space and all space-related subjects. It focuses on news, information, education, and entertainment with a particular focus on mathematics and natural sciences; grades k12.
Students can match the patterns of stars to famous mythological figures for which they were named.
The Chemistry and Physics of Light and Color
*Albers, Josef. Interaction of Color. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press, 1975.
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, teacher manual. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1995
*Bomford, David. Art in the Making: Impressionism. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press and National Gallery of Art, London: National Gallery of Art, 1991.
*Bomford, David and Ashok Roy. Color (Pocket Guide Series). London: National Gallery of Art, 2000.
*Cennini, Cennino dAndrea. The Craftsmans Handbook. Translated by Daniel V. Thompson, Jr. New York: Dover Publications, c. 1960.
Cole, Allison. Eyewitness Art: Color. New York: Dorling Kindersley, Inc., in association with the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1993.
*Delamare, Francois. Colors: The Story of Dyes and Pigments. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.
Gage, John. Color and Culture. London: Little, Brown and Company, 1993.
*. Color and Meaning Art, Science, and Symbolism. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.
*Lamb, Treavor and Janine Bourriau, eds. Color: Art and Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Livingstone, Margaret. Vision and Art: The Biology of Seeing. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2002.
Thompson, Daniel V. The Materials and Techniques of Medieval Painting. New York: Dover Publications, 1956.
Explores how color is linked with a variety of disciplines such as psychology, physiology, art, and technology among others. Includes books, links, and other resources relating to color.
This hands-on interaction offers an abbreviated version of Joseph Alber's in-depth study of color.
Through this color interaction demonstration, learn how context influences perception of colors, and how colors that appear the same are often quite different.
Matthias Grunewald: Isenheim Altarpiece
Provides a biography of Northern German Renaissance artist Matthias Grunewald and images of one of his most famous works, Isenheim Altarpiece.
The Williamsburg Artist Materials company, one of the leading suppliers of handmade oil paint and materials for artists, provides a history of the company and a description of the process of making paint, from importing pigments to packing oil paint.
Perception, Light, and Color
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Many Faces: Modern Portraits and Identities, teacher packet. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1997.
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Love of Winter, poster packet. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1997.
Blühm, Andreas and Louise Lippincott. Light! The Industrial Age 17501900: Art & Science, Technology & Society. London: Thames and Hudson, 2000.
*Cole, Alison. Eyewitness Art: Perspective. New York: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, in association with National Gallery Publications, London, 1992.
*Elkins, James. The Object Stares Back. New York, Simon and Schuster, 1996.
*. How to Use Your Eyes. New York: Routledge, 2000.
Falk, D. S., D. R. Brill, and D.G. Stork. Seeing the Light. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1986.
Franklin, B. Teaching About Color and Color Vision. College Park, Md: American Association of Physics Teachers, 1996.
*Hockney, David. Secret Knowledge: Rediscovering the Lost Techniques of the Old Masters. New York: Viking Press, 2001.
Kole, K.C. Facets of Light: Colors, Images, and Things that Glow in the Dark. San Francisco: San Francisco Exploratorium, 1980.
Lamb, T. and J. Bourriau. Colour: Art and Science. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Leeman, Fred. Hidden Images: Games of Perception, Anamorphic Art and Illusion. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1976
Lynch, D. K. and W. Livingston. Color and Light in Nature. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Overheim, R. D. and D. L. Wagner. Light and Color. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1982.
Rossing, T. D. and Chris Chiaverina. Light Science: Physics and the Visual Arts. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1999.
Rossotti, Hazel. Color: Why the World Isnt Gray. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1985.
. Teaching Light and Color. College Park, Md: American Association of Physics Teachers, 2001.
Smith, Ray. An Introduction to Perspective. New York: Dorling Kindersley Publishing, in association with the Royal Academy of the Arts, 1995.
Solso, Robert. Cognition and the Visual Arts. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1994.
Sturgis, A. Optical Illusions in Art. New York: Sterling Publishing Company, 1996.
Williamson, S. J. and H. Z. Cummins. Light and Color in Nature and Art. New York: J. Wiley & Sons, 1983.
The "Count On" Web site makes math more accessible to all ages through games, activities, and resources.
Ivars Peterson, a mathematics and computer writer, discusses the "art of the grid" and how transferring information from one grid to another has a long history in both mathematics and art.
The theory that a broad range of colors is generated by mixing three beams of red, green, and blue light is demonstrated on this site through virtual mixing of light beams and paint pigments.
This Web site provides different ways to manipulate shadows and light sources.
General Science Resources
Louis Bloomfield, professor of physics at the University of Virginia, answers questions about physics. Contains a catalogue of previous question-and-answer sessions.
Based on the Exploratorium Museum in San Francisco's "science snacks," the activities on this site consist of step-by-step scientific crafts and experiments that teachers can make using common, inexpensive, easily available materials.
The New Trier High School Connections Project presents links between art, math, and science created by faculty and students at New Trier in Winnetka, Illinois.
Geared toward home schooling lessons and techniques, this site addresses the concept of light and color with topics such as optics, chromatography , and polarization.
Contains an extensive and varied list of innovative science Web sites.
Learn basic physics concepts through tutorials written especially for high school students, and visit a multimedia physics studio.
Light! The Industrial Age 1750-1900: Art & Science, Technology & Society, an exhibition at the Carnegie Museum of Art and the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam in 2001, spans the brilliant history of light from both a scientific and artistic point of view. Starting from the candle and moving to electric incandescence, the site discusses the impact of each discovery upon the science, art, and technology of its time.
This collection of visual and aural illusions can be used to study human perception.
Contains a series of articles from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute on the variety of functions within the human brain such as illusions or sensations that affect the brain's activity.
Polarization Tape Art
This site features artist Austine Wood Comarow's work with fluorescent light boxes that glow and change color with light. She creates these works from the effect of varying angles of polarization that produce vibrant prismatic colors from white light.
Light! The Industrial Age: 1750-1900: Art & Science, Technology & Society. Carnegie Museum of Art and Van Gogh Museum, 2000.
Conservation: Light in the Making and Viewing of Art
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, teacher manual. The Art Institute of Chicago, 1995.
+The Art Institute of Chicago. Van Gogh and Gauguin, teacher manual. The Art Institute of Chicago, 2001.
Ainsworth, Maryan, et al. Art and Autoradiography: Insights into the Genesis of Paintings by Rembrandt, Van Dyck, and Vermeer. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1982.
Bomford, David. Art in the Making: Impressionism. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press; National Gallery: London, 1991.
. Art in the Making: Rembrandt. London: National Gallery Publications, 1988.
. Conservation of Paintings from the Pocket Guide Series. London: National Gallery Publications, 1997.
Bomford, David et al. Art in the Making: Italian Painting before 1400. London: National Gallery Publications, 1989.
Burnie, David. Eyewitness Science: Light. New York: Dorling Kindersley 1992.
Fleming, Stuart J. Authenticity in Art: The Scientific Detection of Forgery. New York: Crane and Russak, 1976.
Gettens, Rutherford J. and George L. Stout. Painting Materials A Short Encyclopedia, New York: Dover Publications Inc, 1966.
Greenberg, Barbara R. and Dianne Patterson. Art in Chemistry: Chemistry in Art. Englewood, Colo: Teacher Ideas Press, 1998.
Hours, Madeleine. Conservation and Scientific Analysis of Painting. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1976.
*Kirsh, Andrea and Rustin S. Levenson. Seeing Through Paintings: Physical Examination in Art Historical Studies. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press, 2000.
National Gallery of Art. Artists Pigments: A Handbook of Their History and
Characteristics. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Museums and Galleries Commission. Science for Conservators: An Introduction to Materials, vol.1. from the conservation unit. London and New York: Routledge, 1992.
____________________. Science for Conservators: Cleaning, vol. 2. from the conservation unit. London and New York: Routledge, 1992.
____________________. Science for Conservators: Adhesives and Coatings, vol. 3. from the conservation unit. London and New York: Routledge, 1992.
Shelley, Marjorie, et al. The Care and Handling of Art Objects: Practices in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art and Harry N. Abrams, 1987.
Taft, W. Stanley and James Mayer. The Science of Paintings. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2000.
Belloli, Lucy, The Evolution of Picassos Portrait of Gertrude Stein." Burlington Magazine, January, 1999.
Feinberg, Larry J. and Frank Zuccari. "A Rediscovered Fête Champêtre by Watteau in the Art Institute of Chicago." Burlington Magazine, April 1997.
Fiedler, Inge. A Technical Evaulation of the Grande Jatte. The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, vol. 14, no. 2. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1989.
Gedo, Mary Matthews. "A Youthful Genius Confronts His Destiny: Picassos Old Guitarist in the Art Institute of Chicago." The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, vol. 12, no. 2. . Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1986.
Hoenigswald, Ann. Works in Progress: Pablo Picassos Hidden Images." In Picasso: The Early Years, 1892-1906. Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 1997.
McCully, Marilyn and Robert McVaugh. New Light on Picassos La Vie. Cleveland Museum of Art Bulletin, February 1978.
Robinson, William H. "The Artists Studio in La Vie," In Picasso: The Artists Studio. Hartford, Conn: Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, 2001.
Spronk, Ron. "More Than Meets the Eye: An Introduction to Technical Examination of Early Netherlandish Paintings at the Fogg Art Museum." Harvard University Art Museums Bulletin, fall 1996.
Technical Examinations and Analysis in Conservation
This Web site documents the infrared reflectography, X-radiology, and ultraviolet light examinations of three Northern Renaissance paintings in the Fogg Museum at Harvard University.
The Museum of Modern Art's conservation department Web site includes an in-depth description of the treatment analysis and restoration process of Monet's Water Lilies and an interview with James Coddington, chief conservator, as he discusses his research on Jackson Pollack's materials and techniques.
Site exploring Rembrandts style, the science of his painting techniques (with video commentary on major works), and an introduction to the Rembrandt Research Project, a scholarly project to authenticate works attributed to Rembrandt.
This Web site investigates Bellini's Feast of the Gods by examining the technical innovations in conservation used to clarify the uncertainties surrounding this painting.
Conservation Web Sites at Other Museums
This section of the Cleveland Museum of Art's Web site documents the exhibition Conserving the Past for the Future (March 4May 6, 2001), a multifaceted look at art conservation. Includes a conservator's weekly video diary from inside the conservation lab, in-depth conservation studies of works from the permanent collection, and a description of a distance-learning project with selected high-school Chemistry teachers and their students.
The Minneapolis Institute of Arts site documents the 1999 restoration of Italian Baroque painter Giovanni Bendetto Castigliones The Immaculate Conception with Saints Francis of Assisi and Anthony of Padua. Includes X-ray images of the painting and a daily log of conservators work, which took place before the public in the museums galleries.
The J. Paul Getty Museum conservation department Web site describes a variety of past and present conservation projects from an ancient sculpture of Marcus Aurelius to a Mediterranean mosaic.
The Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art presents Time Flies (October 15December 31, 2000), an exhibition that considered the different meanings and interpretations of time in works of art dating from 900 BC to the present. Includes a look inside a conservator's lab to see how works of art can change over time, both through the artist's process and from natural aging.
The Electromagnetic Spectrum
This site displays a precise description of the components of the electromagnetic spectrum with several diagrams and images and practical applications of the spectrum.
Pablo Picasso: The Old Guitarist
The Cleveland Museum of Art details some of the research done on Pablo Picasso's The Old Guitarist in collaboration with conservators at the Art Institute. Discusses ways in which hidden layers and compositions were revealed beneath this painting from Picasso's Blue Period.
"Is It a Rembrandt?" The Institute for the Learning Sciences, Northwestern University, 1998.
Art in the Making: Impressionism. 1990. 22 minutes. London: The National Gallery of Art.
Art in the Making: Italian Painting before 1400. 1989. 20 minutes. London: The National Gallery of Art.
Art in the Making: Rembrandt. 1988. 22 minutes. London: The National Gallery of Art.
The Feast of the Gods. 1990. 27 minutes. Washington, D.C.: The National Gallery of Art. (Produced on location in Venice, Ferrara, Mantua, and in the conservation laboratory at the National Gallery of Art, the film probes issues of authorship with X-rays, cross-sections, infrared photography, and computer graphics)
Physics and Fine Art: The Scientific Examination of Paintings. 1992. 30 minutes. London: The National Gallery, Institute of Physics.
Careers in Science, Art, and Technology
Pamela Bannos and Farhad Zadeh
Imaging and Imagining Space
Artist Pamela Bannos and astronomer Farhad Zadeh collaborated to create Imaging and Imagining Space, an extensive online exhibit that displays space images from both points of view.
Careers in Earth Science
A Web site from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) outlining different professions in earth science.
Mars Millennium Project 2030
This kid-friendly site explores Mars through the visions and careers of artists, scientists, engineers, and astronauts who have turned their interests and talents into paintings, stories, innovative machines, space age technology, and more.
This site provides a provocative description of Laurie Hogin's allegorical oil paintings.
Peter Miller Gallery
This gallery page displays key samples of artist Laurie Hogin's work.
Eduardo Kac's Web site, available in seven languages, spans his career as an artist who creates a variety of transgenic, telecommunications, and other interactive works.
Conservation Professional Organizations
The American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works is the national membership organization of conservation professionals. The site provides information on how to become a conservator and a complete listing of specialties within conservation.
The Chicago Area Conservation Group promotes learning and the exchange of ideas for people within the Chicago-area conservation community. The site contains links, an events calendar and other information for Chicago conservation professionals.
Institute for Nanotechnology
This Web site for the Institute for Nanotechnology at Northwestern University provides background about the facility and its mission and a list of faculty and affiliations.
McCrone Associates, Inc.
The McCrone Associates Web site highlights the team of scientists who use state-of-the-art technology such as light microscopy, to identify particles and materials in various objects and provide long-awaited answers to questions about the objects.