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About This Artwork
Aureus (Coin) Portraying Emperor Nero, December A.D. 67/December A.D. 68, issued by Nero
Diam. 1.8 cm; 7.31 g
Obverse: [IMP N]ERO CAESAR AVG PP
REV: IVPPITER CVSTOS
Gift of Martin A. Ryerson, 1922.4863
The purpose of the first portrait coins was to identify the ruler. The front side became a mirror of the sovereign’s self-image. The back was often used to communicate the ruler’s accomplishments or intentions.
The profile portrait was used because it suited the very shallow depth and limited surface of the coin. The tiny images were carved by engravers into bronze dies, one for the front and another for the back. Whereas modern coinage is cast by pouring molten metal into molds, these coins were struck, one by one.
—Permanent collection label
"Ruling Familes" - 1997-2001
Karen B. Alexander, "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago," in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2012), p. 29.