About This Artwork

Jacques de Gheyn II
Dutch, 1565-1629

Three Gypsies, c. 1605

Pen and iron gall ink on tan laid paper
227 x 259 mm
Inscribed verso, upper center, in graphite: "Middleton"; lower center, in graphite: "Jacob de Gheyn / ___ (illegible)"; lower center, in pen and brown ink: "Van de Neer"

Gift of Tiffany and Margaret Day Blake, 1959.2

Jacques de Gheyn trained as a glass painter, miniaturist, and ultimately as an engraver under Hendrick Goltzius. This extraordinary drawing belongs to his mature, realistic style and reflects his sympathy for nomadic people, his interest in witchcraft, and his fascination with fortune-tellers.

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

New York, Charles Slatkin Galleries, "Drawings by Old and Modern Masters," 1959, cat. VI.

New York, Wildenstein and Company, "Master Drawings from The Art Isntitute of Chicago," October 17-November 30, 1963, n.p., cat. 27, pl. XI.

The Art Institute of Chicago, "A Quarter Century of Collecting: Drawings Given to The Art Institute of Chicago 1944-1970 by Margaret Day Blake," April 28-June 7, 1970, n.p., cat. 6 (ill.).

Poughkeepsie, N.Y., Vassar College Art Gallery, "Dutch Mannerism," April 15-June 7, 1970, p. 37, pl. 33, cat. 40.

Toronto, Canada, The Art Gallery of Ontario, "French Master Drawings of the 17th and 18th Centuries in North American Collections," 1972, cat. 89.

Washington, D.C., The National Gallery of Art, "Seventeenth Century Dutch Drawings from American Collections," 1977,pp. 8-9, cat. 5.

The Art Institute of Chicago, "Great Drawings from The Art Institute of Chicago: The Harold Joachim Years 1958-1983," July 24-September 30, 1985, pp. 76-77, cat. 29 (ill.), cat. by Martha Tedeschi.

Rotterdam, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, "Jacques de Gheyn II Drawings," 1986, cat. 62; traveled to Washington, D.C., The National Gallery of Art.

Rome, Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Palazzo Barberini, "Claude Mellan: gli anni romani: un incisore tra Vouet e Bernini," October 24, 1989-January 8, 1990, cat. 32.

The Cleveland Art Museum, "From Fountainebleau to the Louvre: French Drawing from the 17th Century," December 15, 1989-January 28, 1990, cat. 74; traveled to The Art Institute of Chicago, May 1-October 3, 1988; Cambridge, Mass., The Harvard University Art Museums, February 24-April 8, 1990; and Ottawa, Canada, The National Gallery of Canada, May 6-June 17, 1990.

Milwaukee Art Museum, "Old Master Drawings from Area Collections," April 18-June 29, 1997, pp. 13 and 26, pl. 12, cat. 24.

The Art Institute of Chicago, "The Broad Spectrum: Color on Paper, Past and Present," September 12–October 31, 1999, hors. cat.

Publication History

Harold Joachim, "Notes on Some Recently Acquired Drawings," The Art Institute of Chicago Quarterly LIII:2 (April 1959), p. 22 (ill.).

Alfred Frankfurter, "Il Bon Disegno from Chicago," Art News, 62 (November 1963), p. 57.

Richard Judson, The Drawings of Jacob de Gheyn, II (New York, 1973), p. 27, no. 105 (ill.).

I. Q. van Regteren Altena, Jacques de Gheyn, Three Generations (The Hague, 1983), pp. 88 and 154, no. 535, fig. 298.

Nathan Goldstein, The Art of Responsive Drawing, 5th ed. (Upper Saddle River, 1999), pp. 143-144 and 146, fig. 6.1.

Shelley Perlove and George S. Keyes (editors).
Seventeenth-Century European Drawings in Midwestern Collections (University of Notre Dame Press, 2014), pp. 114 (ill.)

Ownership History

Unidentified collector [stamp "RPB," verso lower left; not in Lugt]. Anton Schmid, Vienna [according to Altena 1973]. Ch. Wertheimer, Paris [according to Altena 1973]. Sold by Charles Slatkin Galleries, New York, to the Art Institute, 1959.




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