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About This Artwork
Phiale (Shallow Bowl for Pouring Ritual Libations), 320-280 B.C.
Terra-cotta, black-glaze technique
3.9 x 20.4 x 20.4 cm (1 1/2 x 8 x 8 in.)
Gift of Martin A. Ryerson through The Antiquarian Society, 1907.17
During the course of the 5th and 4th centuries B.C., black vessels (commonly called black-glaze vessels) were made with increasing frequency in both Greece and South Italy. Many of them replicate the shape of metal vessels. Others have detailing that is molded (the phiale on the left) or incised (the stemless kylix at the back). Particularly noteworthy is the stemless kylix on the right that has been stamped in its center with nearly the same image, depicting the nymph Arethusa, as is the coin displayed alongside it. Although black-glazed wares can be rather coarse, these examples are quite fine. Regardless, they would have been less expensive than vessels decorated in other contemporary techniques, for example, in red-figure.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Gallery 155, April 20, 1994 - July 2009 and October 2009 - February 6, 2012.
A Case for Wine: From King Tut to Today
July 11 – September 20, 2009. Regenstein Hall, The Art Institute of Chicago
The Art Institute of Chicago, Of Gods and Glamour: The Mary and Michael Jaharis Galleries of Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Art, Gallery 151, November 11, 2012 - present.
Karen B. Alexander, "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago," in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2012), p. 38.