About This Artwork

Peru, Probably central or south coast

Tunic, A.D. 600/800

Cotton and wool (camelid), single interlocking tapestry weave; neck and armholes finished with wool (camelid) in overcast stitches; seams joined with wool (camelid) in darning stitches
109.9 x 119.7 cm (43 1/4 x 47 1/8 in.)

Kate S. Buckingham Endowment, 1955.1784

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

Art Institute of Chicago, Masterpieces of Western Textiles, January 25–March 2, 1969

Art Institute of Chicago, European Textile Masterpieces from Coptic Times through the Nineteenth Century, September 27, 1989–January 22, 1990

Art Institute of Chicago, The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes, October 10, 1992–January 3, 1993, cat. 6; travelled to Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, February 4-April 18, 1993, and Los Angeles County Museum of Art, June 6-August 15, 1993 (Chicago only)

The Art Institute of Chicago, Gallery 136, Department of African and Amerindian, April 10-August 28, 2012

The Art Institute of Chicago, Arts of the Americas, Gallery 136, November 16, 2017

Publication History

Richard Townsend, Indian Art of the Americas at The Art Institute of Chicago (The Art Institute of Chicago with Yale University Press, 2016), pp. 333, cat 293.

Walter Lehmann, The Art of Old Peru (Ernst Wasmuth, 1924), color pl. III and p. 57.

Heinrich Ubbelohde-Doering, The Art of Ancient Peru (Frederick A. Praeger, 1952), p. 31 and pl. 101.

Minneapolis Institute of Art, “Ancient Arts of the Andes: Stylistic Aspects,” Minneapolis Institute of Art Bulletin 43 (1954), p. 35 and p. 38, fig. 7.

Wendell C. Bennett, Ancient Arts of the Andes, exh. cat. (Museum of Modern Art, 1954), p. 13, fig. 6 and p. 81, fig. 91.

Erwin O. Christensen, Primitive Art (Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1955), fig. 252 and p. 231.

Arthur Szathmary, Scholar, Critic, and Layman (Art Treasures of the World, 1955), pp. 12-13 (ill.).

Alan R. Sawyer, "Report on an Andean Expedition," Art Institute of Chicago Quarterly L, 1 (February 1956), p. 8 (ill.).

S. K. (Samuel Kirkland) Lothrop, Treasures of Ancient America: The Arts of the Pre-Columbian Civilizations from Mexico to Peru (Skira, 1964), p. 216 (ill.).

Art Institute of Chicago, Primitive Art in the Collections of the Art Institute of Chicago (Art Institute of Chicago, 1965), color ill. 30.

Christa Charlotte Mayer, Masterpieces of Western Textiles from The Art Institute of Chicago, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago, 1969), p. 13 and p. 19, pl. 5.

Rebecca R. Stone, “Technique and Form in Huari-Style Tapestry Tunics: The Andean Artist, A. D. 500-800” (Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1987), p. 11, cat. 6.

Rebecca Stone-Miller, “Camelids and Chaos in Huari and Tiwanaku Textiles,” in The Ancient Americas: Art from Sacred Landscapes, exh. cat. ed. Richard F. Townsend (Art Institute of Chicago, 1992), p. 339, color fig. 8.

Rebecca Stone-Miller, Art of the Andes from Chavin to Inca (Thames and Hudson, 1995), pp. 146-47, fig. 121.

Susan E. Bergh, “Pattern and Paradigm in Middle Horizon Tapestry Tunics" (Ph.D. diss., Columbia University, 1999), p. 768, cat. 144.

Virginia Gardner Troy, Anni Albers and Ancient American Textiles: From Bauhaus to Black Mountain (Ashgate Publishing Company, 2002), p. 51 and color pl. 1.6.

Ownership History

Dr. Eduard Gaffron (1861-1931), Lima then Berlin, from 1892; by descent to his children, Drs. Mercedes and Hans Gaffron, Berlin then Durham, NC and Chicago, IL; sold to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1955.

View mobile website