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About This Artwork
Oil on canvas© 2013 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn
75 3/4 x 35 in. (192.5 x 89 cm)
Signed and dated, l.r.: "Beckmann/3.37"
Gift of Lotta Hess Ackerman and Philip E. Ringer, 1955.822
Max Beckmann was one of the most honored artists of Germany’s first democratic government, the Weimar Republic (1919–33), but with the rise of National Socialism, he quickly found himself the focus of serious persecution. In May 1933, he was fired from his teaching position in Frankfurt; four years later, 22 of his works were included in Degenerate “Art,” the Nazi’s official exhibition condemning avant-garde art. Beckmann’s inclusion signaled the end of his career in Germany: the day after the opening, he and his wife left for Amsterdam. One of many self-portraits made by the artist, this canvas was possibly the last he completed before leaving his homeland.
— Permanent collection label
New York, Columbia University (organizer), Modern Portraits: The Self and Others, no. 6, pp. 10-11, ill. p. 11 and cover; traveled to Wildenstein & Co., October 20–November 27, 1976.
St. Louis Art Museum, Max Beckmann, September 7–November 4, 1984, no. 75, pp. 64–65, 238–39, ill. p. 261.
Leipzig, Museum der Bildenden Künste, Max Beckmann: Gemälde 1905–1950, July 21–September 23, 1990, no. 56, p. 158–159 (ill.).
New York, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Max Beckmann in Exile, October 9, 1996–January 5, 1997.
Zurich, Kunsthaus, Max Beckmann in Paris, September 25, 1998–January 6, 1999; traveled tp St. Louis Art Musuem, February 5–May 9, 1999.
Paris, Centre national d'art et de culture Georges Pompidou, Max Beckmann, September 10, 2002–January 7, 2003; traveled to London, Tate Modern, February 15 –May 5, 2003 and New York, Museum of Modern Art, June 25–September 30, 2003.
Max Beckmann, On My Painting (New York, 1941).
Benno Reifenberg and Wilhelm Hausenstein, Max Beckmann (Munich, 1949), p. 75, no. 368.
Max Beckmann, Diaries 1940–1950 (Germany, 1955).
James A. Speyer, "Art News from Chicago," Art News 54, 9 (January 1956): p. 19 (ill.)
Art Institute of Chicago, Paintings in The Art Institute of Chicago : A Catalogue of the Picture Collection (Chicago, 1961), p. 20, ill. p. 473.
Art Institute of Chicago Quarterly, 55, 2 (1961), p. 37.
Art Institute of Chicago Calendar, 59, 2 (March 1965), p. 5 (ill.)
El Mundo de los Museos: The Art Institute of Chicago (Madrid, 1967), p. 70 (ill.).
Erhard Göpel and Barbara Göpel, Max Beckmann: Katalog der Gemälde, vols. 1 and 2 (Bern, 1976), pp. 298–99, no. 459, pl. 159.
Hildegard Zenser, Max Beckmann: Selbstbildnisse (Munich, 1984), no. 35 (ill.).
A. James Speyer and Courtney Graham Donnell, Twentieth Century European Paintings (University of Chicago Press, 1980), p. 32, cat. 1B2.
Wood, James N. and Teri J. Edelstein, The Art Institute of Chicago: Twentieth-Century Painting and Sculpture (Art Institute of Chicago, 1996), p. 79 (ill.).
Curt Valentin, New York, 1947 /49–1955, acquired directly from the artist (letter from Mathilde Beckmann, dated September 14, 1956, in curatorial file); purchased by the Art Institute with funds from Lotta Hess Ackerman and Phillip E. Ringer, 1955.
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