About This Artwork

Jean Antoine Watteau
French, 1684-1721

Three Studies of Seated Women, c. 1715

Black, red, and white chalk on gray-brown laid paper
260 x 370 mm
Stamped lower right with the marks of Lord Spencer and William Esdaile.

Helen Regenstein Collection, 1958.8

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

London, South Kensington Museum, "Twenty-Six Drawings by Watteau," 1878, cat. 2.

New York, Wildenstein and Company, "Master Drawings from The Art Institute of Chicago," October 17-November 30, 1963, n.p., cat. 43, pl. 16.

The Art Institute of Chicago, "The Regenstein Collection of European Drawings," 1974, pp. 56-57, cat. 27 (ill.), cat. by Harold Joachim.

The Art Institute of Chicago, "Selected Works of 18th Century French Art in the Collections of The Art Institute of Chicago," January 24-March 28, 1976, pp. 42-43, cat. 28 (ill.).

New York, Frick Collection, "Watteau and His World: French Drawing from 1700-1750," October 19, 1999-January 9, 2000, cat. 31, cat. by Alan Wintermute, et al.; traveled to Ottawa, the National Gallery of Canada, February 11-May 8, 2000.

New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, “Watteau, Music, and Theater,” 9/22/09–11/29/09, p. 74 and 75, cat. #42, cat. by Katherine Baetjer et al

New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, “Watteau, Music, and Theater,” September 22–November 29, 2009, p. 75 and 74, cat. # 26, cat. by Georgia J. Cowart et. al.

Publication History

Edmond de Goncourt, Catalogue Raisonné de l’Oeuvre Peint, Dessiné et Gravé d’Antoine Watteau (Paris, 1875), no. 50.

Hugh Edwards, “Two Drawings by Antoine Watteau,” The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, 1 (1966), p. 9.

Karl Theodor Parker and Jacques Mathey, Antoine Watteau, Catalogue Complet de son Oeuvre Dessiné (Paris, 1957), no. 831 (ill.).

Harold Joachim, French Drawings and Sketchbooks of the Eighteenth Century (Chicago, 1977), p. 58, no. 2G5.

Marianne Roland-Michel, Watteau (Paris, 1984), p. 78 (ill.).

Margaret Morgan Grasselli, The Watteau Society Bulletin, 2 (1985), p. 44.

Marianne Roland-Michel, Le Dessin Français au XVIII Siècle (Fribourg, 1987), p. 183 (ill.).

Pierre Rosenberg and Louis-Antoine Prat, Antoine Watteau, 1684-1721: Catalogue Raisonné des Dessins (Milan, 1996), pp. 908-09, no. 538 (ill.).

Suzanne McCullagh, "Never Dormant: Drawings in Chicago," Master Drawings (2000).

Suzanne Folds McCullagh, “ ‘A Lasting Monument’: The Regenstein Collection at The Art Institute of Chicago,” The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, 26:1 (2000), pp. 5-15, fig. 1.

Ownership History

John Spencer (died 1746); by descent to George John (died 1834), the second Earl Spencer [Lugt 1530]; sold, Philips, London, June 10-17, 1811, lot 822 to Edward Coxe, London [according to Rosenberg and Prat 1996]; sold, Squibb, London, April 13-15, 1815, lot 132. William Esdaile (died 1837) [Lugt 2617]; sold, Christie’s, London, June 18, 1840, lot 1242. Andrew James (died before 1857); by descent to his daughter, Sarah Ann James, London; sold, Christie’s, London, June 22-23, 1891, lot 338, to Wertheimer [according to Rosenberg and Prat 1996]. H. A. Josse; sold, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, May 28-29, 1894, lot 45. Camille Groult (died 1908); by descent to his son, Jean Groult (died 1951); by descent to his son, Pierre Bordeaux-Groult [according to Rosenberg and Prat 1996]. Sold by Wildenstein and Company, New York, to the Art Institute, 1958.

Interpretive Resources

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