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About This Artwork
Hydria (Water Jar), About 470-460 B.C.
Terracotta, red-figure technique
42.4 x 37.6 x 31.8 cm (16 3/4 x 14 3/4 x 12 1/2 in.)
Gift of Martin A. Ryerson through The Antiquarian Society, 1911.456
This vase is decorated in one of the most popular techniques of ancient vase painting, the black-figure technique. This technique, developed in Corinth, was used widely during the Archaic period (700–480 B.C.). Gloss, a slip made from refined clay, was applied to all areas intended to be black. For the figural scene the silhouettes of the figures and other elements were painted in gloss, sometimes following the lines of a preliminary sketch scratched into the surface. Using a sharp tool, the artist created details by incising through the gloss to the light clay ground below. Colors such as purple-red and white, made from a gloss with mineral pigments, were then added. After a three-stage firing process applying alternately less and more oxygen, the gloss turned black. In its finest form, it was quite shiny.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Gallery 155, April 20, 1994 - February 6, 2012.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Of Gods and Glamour: The Mary and Michael Jaharis Galleries of Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Art, Gallery 151, November 11, 2012 - present.
Karen B. Alexander, "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago," in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2012), pp. 26, 38.
A. Glazebrook and M.M. Henry (eds.), Greek Prostitutes in the Ancient Mediterranean, 800 BCE - 200 CE (Madison 2011), p. 37, fig. 2, 1.
S. Bundrick, “The Fabric of the City: Imaging Textile Production in Classical Athens”, Hesperia 77 (2008), pp. 298-9, fig. 7.
A.W. Johnston, Trademarks on Greek Vases: Addenda (Oxford 2006), p. 98, 18C no. 8a.
S. Schmidt, Rhetorische Bilder auf attischen Vasen, Visuelle Kommunikation im 5. Jahrhundert v. Chr. (Berlin 2005), p. 253, fig. 124.
John Griffiths Pedley, Ancient Art at The Art Institute of Chicago. The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, Vol. 20, No. 1 (1994), pp. 42-45 (ill.), no. 26.
A. Dierichs, Erotic in der Kunst Griechenlands (Antike Welt, 19, Sondernummer 1988) 55, fig. 87.
I.D. Jenkins and D. Williams, “Sprang Hair Nets: Their Manufacture and Use in Ancient Greece”, American Journal of Archaeology 89 (1985), pp. 416 and 417 no. 4.
L. Clark, "Notes on small textile frames pictured on Greek vases”, American Journal of Archaeology 87 (1983) 95, pl. 16, 7 (cup – 95, pl.15, 6).
Louise Clark, "A Rare Textile Frame on Vases at The Art Institute." (Paper: April 17, 1979), pp. 1-7.
Warren G. Moon and Louise Berge, Greek Vase-Painting in Midwestern Collections (The Art Institute of Chicago, 1979), No. 97, pp. 170-171.
J.D. Beazley, Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters. Vol. II (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1963), p. 572, No. 88, and ARV I, 399, No. 82.
Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago. Vol. V, January 1912, p. 46.
W. Fröhner, Collection van Branteghem: Vases peints et terre cuites antiques (Paris 1892), no. 88.