About This Artwork

Claude Monet
French, 1840-1926

Stacks of Wheat (End of Summer), 1890/91

Oil on canvas
60 x 100.5 cm (23 5/8 x 39 9/16 in.)

Gift of Arthur M. Wood, Sr. in memory of Pauline Palmer Wood, 1985.1103

Wildenstein, Claude Monet, biographie et catalogue raisonné, 1979 1269

As part of an effort to shape the future of scholarly publishing, the Getty Foundation in 2009 invited the Art Institute of Chicago and eight other museums to participate in a venture called the Online Scholarly Catalogue Initiative (OSCI). The Art Institute is pleased to present the first catalogue produced from this venture: Monet: Paintings and Drawings at the Art Institute of Chicago, which includes this work. Entries on the museum's 47 artworks by Monet include high-resolution imaging, in-depth curatorial essays, and conservation reports.


The monumental stacks that Claude Monet depicted in his series Stacks of Wheat rose fifteen to twenty feet and stood just outside the artist’s farmhouse at Giverny. Through 1890 and 1891, he worked on this series both in the field, painting simultaneously at several easels, and in the studio, refining pictorial harmonies. In May 1891, Monet hung fifteen of these canvases next to each other in one small room in the Galerie Durand-Ruel in Paris. An unprecedented critical and financial success, the exhibition marked a breakthrough in Monet’s career, as well as in the history of French art. In this view, and in nearly all of the autumn views in the series, the conical tops of the stacks break the horizon and push into the sky. But in most of the winter views, which constitute the core of the series, the stacks seem wrapped by bands of hill and field, as if bedded down for the season. For Monet, the stack was a resonant symbol of sustenance and survival. He followed this group with further series depicting poplars, the facade of Rouen Cathedral, and, later, his own garden at Giverny. The Art Institute has the largest group of Monet’s Stacks of Wheat in the world.

— Entry, Essential Guide, 2009, p. 227.




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