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About This Artwork
Coffin and Mummy of Paankhenamun, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 22 (c. 945–715 B.C.)
Cartonnage, gold leaf, pigment; human remains
170.2 x 43.2 x 31.7 cm (67 x 17 x 12 1/2 in.)
W. Moses Willner Fund, 1910.238
Ancient and Byzantine Art
Not on Display
Mummification is the ancient Egyptian funerary practice of drying out a corpse for preservation. Anointed with oils and spices and protected with amulets, this linen-wrapped body was placed in a series of nesting coffins; the vividly painted cartonnage was the innermost shell. Across the surface of the mummy case, inscriptions and painted scenes and symbols identify the deceased—Paankhenamun (The One Who Lives for Amun)—and proclaim his wish to live well in the afterlife. Another inscription records that he was the doorkeeper of the temple of Amun. The names and titles on the mummy case suggest that Paankhenamun lived at Thebes. The central scene depicts the presentation of the deceased by the falcon-headed deity Horus to Osiris, the ruler of eternity (shown, as was common, as a mummy). Other divinities help the deceased in his journey to the afterlife. Despite the youthful features of the gilt face, X-rays reveal that Paankhenamun was middle-aged.
— Entry, Essential Guide, 2013, p. 63.
Periodic exhibition from 1911-1994; Henry Crown Gallery in 1960s - 1970s.
Egyptian Gallery # 9 and 10, circa 1923.
Egyptian Gallery # 10, circa 1935.
Egyptian Gallery # 1, circa 1956.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Rubloff 154A, 1994 - February 2012.
Allen, Thomas George. A Handbook of The Egyptian Collection. Chicago: The Art Institute of Chicago, 1923, pp. 7, 12, 13(ill.), 16, 19n., 69, 124.
The Essential Guide: Art Institute of Chicago, 1993. Emily Teeter, Egyptian Art, Museum Studies: Ancient Art at The Art Institute of Chicago 20, no. 1 (1994), pp. 22-25 (ill.), no. 7. Backcover (ill).
A Guide to the Collection, Art Institute of Chicago, 1994.
Minerva, May/June 1994, Vol. 5, NO. 3.
Alexander, Karen. The Galleries of Ancient Art: A Guide to the Collection, Chicago: AIC, unpaged.
Cleopatra: A Multi-Media Guide to the Ancient World, The Art Institute of Chicago, 1997.
Teeter, Emily & Janet Johnson. "The Life of Meresamun: a Temple Singer in Ancient Egypt." Oriental Institute Museum Publications, No. 29, Chicago.p.19, ill.
Alexander, Karen B. 2012. "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago." in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, p.26. Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press.