About This Artwork

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
French, 1864-1901

At the Moulin Rouge, 1892/95

Oil on canvas
123 x 141 cm (48 7/16 x 55 1/2 in.)
Stamped lower left with monogram

Helen Birch Bartlett Memorial Collection, 1928.610

In At the Moulin Rouge Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec memorialized Parisian nightlife at the end of the nineteenth century. The painting is noted for its daring composition, dramatic cropping, and flat planes of strident color. A regular patron of the Moulin Rouge, one of the most famous cabarets of the Montmartre district, Toulouse-Lautrec here turned his acute powers of observation on the club’s other habitués. The flaming red-orange hair of the entertainer Jane Avril is the focal point of the central seated group. Preening in the greenish mirror in the background is the dancer La Goulue. The stunted figure of the aristocratic artist appears, as it often did in life, next to his devoted, much taller cousin, Dr. Gabriel Tapié de Céleyran. But it is the frozen, acid-green face of the dancer May Milton that dominates the canvas and haunts the action. The painting comprises two joined parts: a small main canvas and an L-shaped panel to the lower and right edges. The canvas was severed after the artist’s death, perhaps by his dealer (to make the composition less radical and more saleable), and restored sometime before 1914.

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

Possibly, Paris, Les XX, January 1892, as Nocturne [see Murray 1980].

Paris, Boussod et Valadon, 1893 [according to Toulouse-Lautrec 1991-92].

Paris, Le Barc de Boutteville, 7e Exposition des peintures impressionnists et symbolists, July 1894, cat. 84, as Un Coin du Moulin Rouge.

Paris, Salon des Indépendants (March 29-May 5, 1902), not in catalogue [see Heller 1986].

Paris, Galerie Manzi-Joyant, Exposition Retrospective de l’Oeuvre de H. de Toulouse-Lautrec, June-July 1914, cat. 32.

Paris, Galeries Paul Rosenberg, Exposition d’oeuvres de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1914, cat. 19.

Barcelona, Palacio de Bellas Artes, Salon des Artistes Français, 1917, cat. 2038.

The Arts Club of Chicago, Catalogue of an Exhibition of Paintings by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, December 1924-January 1925, cat. 7.

Paris, Grand Palais, Trente ans d’Art Indépendant, 1926, cat. 3253.

Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Cent Ans de Peinture Française, April-May 1928.

New York, M. Knoedler & Co., A Century of French Painting, 1928, cat. 34 (ill.).

Art Institute of Chicago, Loan Exhibition of Paintings, Drawings, Prints and Posters by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, December 23, 1930-January 18, 1931, cat. 19 (ill).

New York, Museum of Modern Art, Tenth Loan Exhibition: Lautrec-Redon, February-March 1931, cat. 19 (ill.).

Paris, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Exposition H. de Toulouse-Lautrec, April-May 1931, cat. 92, pl. 5.

The Art Institute of Chicago, A Century of Progress Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture, June 1-November 1, 1933, cat. 371, pl. 63.

The Art Institute of Chicago, A Century of Progress Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture, June 1-November 1, 1934, cat. 325.

Toledo, Ohio, Museum of Art, French Impressionists and Post-Impressionists, November 1934, cat. 22.

Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, A Survey of French Painting, April-May 1936, cat. 33.

Cleveland Museum of Art, Twentieth Anniversary Exhibition, The Official Art Exhibit of the Great Lakes Exposition, June-October 1936, cat. 344, pl. 68.

New York, M. Knoedler & Co., Toulouse-Lautrec, Paintings, Drawings, Posters, November-December 1937, cat. 11 (ill.).

New York, Century Club, Post-Impressionist Painting, February-April 1949.

Paris, Musée de l’Orangerie, De David a Toulouse-Lautrec, Chefs d’Oeuvres des Collections Americaines, April-July 1955, cat. 54, pl. 84.

Philadelphia Museum of Art, Toulouse-Lautrec (organized with the Albi Museum), October 29-December 11, 1955, cat. 38 (ill.), traveled to The Art Institute of Chicago, January 2-February 15, 1956.

New York, Museum of Modern Art, Toulouse-Lautrec, Paintings, Drawings, Posters and Lithographs, March 20-May 6, 1956, cat. 19 (ill.).

Art Institute of Chicago, Toulouse-Lautrec: Paintings, October 4-December 2, 1979, cat. 52.

Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum, , Light: The Industrial Age 1750-1900: Art and Science, Technology and Society, October 2000-February 2001, traveled to Pittsbugh, Carnegie Museum of Art, April-July 2001, no cat. no. (ill.), shown in Pittsburgh only.

National Gallery, Washington, D.C., Toulouse-Lautrec and Montmartre, March 20-June 12, 2005, cat. 66 (ill.), traveled to The Art Institute of Chicago, July 16-October 10, 2005.

Fort Worth, Tex., Kimbell Museum of Art, The Impressionists: Master Paintings from the Art Institute of Chicago, June 29–November 2, 2008, cat. 62 (ill.).

London, Courtauld Institute of Art, Toulouse-Lautrec and Jane Avril: Beyond the Moulin Rouge, June 16- September 18, 2011. cat. 6.

Paris, Musée d'Orsay, Splendour and Misery, Images of prostitution in France, 1850-1910 < Splendeurs & misères, Images de la prostitution, 1850-1910> September 21, 2015-June 19, 2016. Please note that Toulouse-Lautrec, At the Moulin Rouge (1928.610) was not in Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum, same exhibition but title " Easy Virtue. Prostitution in French Art, 1850-1910, February 19, 2016-June 19, 2016.

Publication History

A. Alexandre, Le Figaro Illustré 22 (April 1902), pl. 21, no. 145.

G. Geffroy, “Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec,” Gazette des Beaux-Arts 12 (1916), p. 100 (ill.).

G. Coquiot, Lautrec (Paris, 1921), p. 109.

Achille Astre, H. de Toulouse-Lautrec (Nilsson, 1925), p. 75.

H. E. Schnackenberg, “New York Exhibitions,” The Arts 7 (1925), p. 159 (ill.).

Maurice Joyant, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Peintre (Paris, 1926), vol. I, pp. 137-138 (ill.), 275, vol. II, p. 7 (ill.), 247.

Maurice Joyant, “Toulouse-Lautrec,” L’Art et les Artistes 14 (1927), pp. 159-160.

Art Institute of Chicago, Annual Report (1928), ill.

François Fosca, Lautrec, Les Albums d’Art Druet (1928), p. 1, ill.

Morton Dauwen Zabel, “An American Gallery of Modern Painting,” Art and Archaeology 26 (December 1928), p. 236, ill.

Paul de Lapparent, Toulouse-Lautrec, Masters of Modern Art (New York, 1928), pp. 27-29, pl. 8.

Art News 26 (June 16, 1928), pp. 1-2.

“Visiting the Art Galleries,” Arts-Décorations 30 (November 1928), p. 67 (ill.).

Daniel Catton Rich, “Au Moulin Rouge,” Bulletin of The Art Institute of Chicago 23 (1929), pp. 13-15 (ill.).

Art Work 17 (Spring 1929), p. 57, ill.

Bulletin de’Art Ancien et Moderne (1929), p. 176.

Catalogue of The Birch Bartlett Collection (1929), pp. 36-37, ill.

L’Art Vivant 6 (February 15, 1930) p. 157, ill.

E. Tériade, “Jeunesse,” Cahiers d’Art 6 (1931), p. 21 (ill.).

René Huyghe, “Aspects of Toulouse-Lautrec,” L’Amour de l’Art (April 1931), fig. 52.

Robert Rey, “L’Exposition Toulouse-Lautrec,” Les Annales (April 15 1931), p. 377.

J. J. Sweeny, “La Peinture Française Moderne a l’Institute des Beaux-Art de Chicago,” Cahiers d’Art 7 (1932), p. 336.

Mac Orlan, Lautrec (1934), p. 180, ill.

Daniel Catton Rich, “A Note on Sharaku’s Influence in Modern Painting,” Bulletin of The Art Institute of Chicago 29 (1935), pp. 5-6 (ill.).

C. J. Bulliet, The Significant Moderns and Their Life (New York, 1936), pl. 122.

Josephine H. Logan, Sanity in Art (Chicago, 1937), p. 110 (ill.).

Parnassus 9 (November 1937), p. 39 (ill. only)

Gerstle Mack, Toulouse-Lautrec (New York, 1938), pp. 133, 234, 258, pl. 15.

Jacques Lassaigne, Toulouse-Lautrec (London and New York, 1939), p. 18, no. 87 (ill.).

T. Squire, “Toulouse-Lautrec ‘Au Moulin Rouge,’” Theatre Arts Monthly 22 (June 1938), pp. 435-438 (ill.).

H. F. Mackenzie, “Toulouse-Lautrec and The Moulin Rouge,” Bulletin of The Art Institute of Chicago 33 (1939), pp. 98-99 (ill.).

J. Rinaldi, Toulouse-Lautrec (Buenos-Aires, 1942).

R. Schoolman and C. E. Slatkin, The Enjoyment of Art in America (Philadelphia, 1942), pl. 551 (ill.).

The Art Institute of Chicago, Modern Paintings in the Birch Bartlett Memorial from the Birch Bartlett Collection (Chicago, 1946), pp. 46-47 (ill.).

Fr. Jourdain, Lautrec (1948), pl. 17.

Walter Kern, Lautrec (1948), pl. 17.

Daniel Catton Rich, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec “Au Moulin Rouge” in The Art Institute of Chicago, Gallery Book 20 (London, 1949), ill.

“Chicago Displays Lautrec Treasures,” Art Digest 23 (July 1, 1949), p. 10.

Life Magazine (1950), p. 248.

Fr. Jourdain, Lautrec (1951), pl. 4

Art News 50 (June 1951), p. 20 (ill.).

The Studio 41 (June 1951), p. 163 (ill.).

American Artist 15 (November 1951), p. 57 (ill. only).

B. Myers, “Symbolism,” American Artist 15 (November 1951), p. 57 (ill.).

Fr. Jourdain and J. Adhémar, Lautrec (1952), p. 45.

Design 53 (January 1952), p. 102 (ill. only).

“Soirs de Paris,” Connaissance des Arts 8 (October 15, 1952), p. 39 (ill.)

M. G. Dortu, Toulouse-Lautrec (Paris, 1952), p. 6, ill.

Jacques Lassaigne, Le gout de notre temps–Lautrec (1953), p. 47, ill.

Edouard Julian, Towards an Understanding of Toulouse-Lautrec (1953).

Sam Hunter, Toulouse-Lautrec (1953), pl. 20.

Pierre du Colombier, Toulouse-Lautrec (1953), pl. 20.

“De David à Toulouse-Lautrec dans les Collections et Musées Americains,” Art et Style 34 (1955).

Douglas Cooper, H. de Toulouse-Lautrec (New York, 1955), p. 97, ill.

Art Institute of Chicago Quarterly 49 (April 1955), p. 30, ill.

Art Institute of Chicago, A Brief Guide to the Collections (Chicago, 1956), p. 36, ill.

P. Courthion, Le gout de notre temps–Montmartre (Lausanne, 1956), p. 63.

Herbert Asmodi, Toulouse-Lautrec–Moulin-Rouge (1956), pl. 30.

Paris Journal (1958), ill.

“Moulin Rouge,” Daily Mail (February 3, 1961), ill.

Paintings in the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, 1961), p. 454.

Génies et Réalités, Toulouse-Lautrec (1962), pp. 94-95, ill.

Frederick Sweet, “Great Chicago Collectors,” Apollo 84 (September 1966), pp. 196-197 (ill. p. 195, fig. 18).

The WFMT Guide (November 1966), ill.

Rodolfo Palluchini, “L’Art Institute di Chicago,” L’Illustrazione del Medico 33 (February 1966), pp. 14-15, fig. 9.

Otto Dekom, “Chicago: Monument of Volunteer Giving,” Evening Journal (Wilmington Delaware, August 1, 1968), p. 29, ill.

William Gaunt, Impressionism, a visual history (New York and Washington, 1970) p. 260, ill. p. 261, pl. 261.

John Maxon, The Art Institute of Chicago (New York, 1970), p. 96 and 287.

M. G. Dortu, Toulouse-Lautrec et son oeuvre (New York, 1971), vol. II, p. 258-259 (ill.), peinture no. 427.

Der berühmstesten Gemälde der Welt (Bergish-Gladbach, 1976), pp. 172-172, ill.

Richard Thompson, Toulouse-Lautrec (London, 1977), p. 68, ill.

L’opera completa di Toulouse-Lautrec (Milan, 1977), p.106, no. 309, figs. 28-29.

The Art Institute of Chicago: 100 Masterpieces (Chicago, 1978), pp. 118-119, no. 71.

Gale B. Murray, “Review of M. G. Dortu, ‘Toulouse-Lautrec et son oeuvre,’” The Art Bulletin 60 (March 1978), p. 181.

Charles Stuckey, Toulouse-Lautrec: Paintings, exh. cat.(Chicago, 1979), pp. 186-188, no. 52, ill.

Diane Kelder, The Great Book of French Impressionism (New York, 1980) p. 290.

Gale B. Murray, “Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: a checklist of revised dates, 1878-1891,” Gazette des Beaux Arts 95 (February 1980), p. 90.

Daniel and Eugenia S. Robbins, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec: a selection of works from The Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, 1980), no. 3.

Richard R. Brettell, “The Bartletts and the ‘Grand Jatte:’ Collecting Modern Painting in the 1920s,” Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 12 (1986), pp. 103-113.

Reinhold Heller, “Rediscovering Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec’s ‘At the Moulin Rouge,” Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 12 (1986), pp. 115-135 (ill.).

G. M. Sugana, Tout l’Oeuvre peint de Toulouse-Lautrec (Paris, 1986), p. 417.

Richard R. Brettell, Post-Impressionists (Chicago, 1987), p. 45, ill.

Master Paintings in the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, 1988), p. 70.

Dominique Jarrassé, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa: Entre le mythe et la modernité (Paris, 1991), pl. 42.

Toulouse-Lautrec, exh. cat. (Hayward Gallery, London, 1991-1992), pp. 266-268 (ill.).

James Hall, “Into the limelight: Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec,” Apollo (December 1991) p. 424, ill.

Lesley Stevenson, H. de Toulouse-Lautrec (London, 1991), pp. 58, ill., 73-74.

Charles Stuckey, French Painting (New York, 1991), p. 193, ill.

Patrick O’Connor, Nightlife of Paris: the art of Toulouse-Lautrec (New York, 1991).

Guggenheim Museum: Thannhauser Collection (New York, 1992), n. p., ill.

Connaissance des Arts, special number on Toulouse-Lautrec (1992), pp. 36-37, ill.

Thomas Parsons, Post-impressionism: the rise of modern art (London, 1992), pp. 57, 72-73, ill.

Gerard Durozoi, Toulouse-Lautrec (London, 1992), pp. 94-95, ill.

Gale B. Murray, Toulouse-Lautrec: A Retrospective (New York, 1992), pl. 70.

Frank Milner, Toulouse-Lautrec (New York, 1992), pp. 92-93, ill.

George H. Hamilton, Painting and Sculpture in Europe, 1880-1940 (New Haven, 1993), pp. 114-115, fig. 54.

Duane Preble, Artforms: An Introduction to the Visual Arts (New York, 1994), p. 40, fig. 564.

H. W. Janson, History of Art (New York, 1994, 5th edition; 1997, revised ed.), p. 752, ill.

Riva Castleman, Toulouse-Lautrec: posters and prints from the collection of Irene and Howard Stein (Atlanta, 1998), p. 92, ill.

David Sweetman, Explosive acts: Toulouse-Lautrec, Oscar Wilde, Félix Féneon and the art & anarchy of the fin de siècle (New York, 1999), pp. 282-285 (ill.), 286, 351, 354-355, 357-358, 491.

Helen Gardner, Art Through the Ages (Fort Worth, 2001, eleventh ed.), pp. 914-915, fig. 29-31.

Michael Laclotte, ed., The art and spirit of Paris (New York, 2003), vol. II, pp. 1171-1172, fig, 7.87.

Julia Frey, Toulouse-Lautrec: A Life (London, 1994).

The Age of Impressionism at the Art Institute of Chicago (New Haven and London, 2008), cat. 62, pp. 132-33 (ill.).

Nancy Ireson, “Toulouse-Lautrec and Jane Avril: Capturing the Moment.” Toulouse-Lautrec and Jane Avril: Beyond the Moulin Rouge, Exh. cat. (The Courtauld Gallery, 2011), p. 11, p. 72-72, cat. 6.

Marilyn McCully, “Picasso’s Discovery of Paris,” Eating Fire: Picasso in Paris 1900-1907 Exh. cat (Van Gogh Museum and Museu Picasso, 2011), p. 25-26, fig. 4.

Musée d'Orsay, Splendeurs & misères, Images de la prostitution, 1850-1910, publisher Flammarion, Paris (Septembre 2015). Cette exposition a étè organisée par le musée d'Orsay, Paris et le Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, front cover detail, [232] p.249: Toulouse-Lautrec, At the Moulin Rouge (1928.610), [61] p.109:Toulouse-Lautrec, Moulin de la Galette (1933.458), and [100] p. 138-139 Courbet, Mérè Grégoire (1930.78).

Adriano Pedrosa and Luciano Migliaccio, Toulouse-Lautrec em Vermelho [in Red], exh. cat. (Museu de Arte de São Paulo, 2017), p. 118-119, img. 62, 128.

Ownership History

Maurice Joyant, executor of the artist's estate and co-director of Galerie Manzi-Joyant, Paris, by 1902 [according to Heller 1986]; sold to Manzi [according to Dortu 1971 and Heller 1986]. Jean Laroche, Paris, 1926. Paul Rosenberg [according to Dortu 1971]. Mssrs. Reid & Lefevre, London, June 1928. Frederick Clay Bartlett, Chicago; given to the Art Institute, 1928.

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