About This Artwork

Peter Blume
American, born Russia (now Belarus), 1906-1992

The Rock, 1944/48

Oil on canvas
146.4 x 188.9 cm (57 5/8 x 74 3/8 in.)
Signed Lower left: Peter Blume, 1948

Gift of Edgar Kaufmann, Jr., 1956.338

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

New York, Durlacher Brothers Gallery, Peter Blume, January 3-29, 1949, cat. 11.

Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Paintings, Oct. 19-Dec. 21, 1950, cat. 41.

Metropolitan Museum of Art, 75th Anniversary Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture by 75 Artists Associated with the Art Students Leagure of New York, 1951, cat. 75, ill.

Manchester, New Hampshire, Currier Gallery of Art, Paintings and Drawings: Peter Blume in Retrospective, 1926 to 1964, cat. 19; traveled to Hartford, Conn., Wadsworth Atheneum, July 9-Aug. 16, 1964.

Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art, Peter Blume exhibition, Jan. 10-Feb. 29, 1976.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Peter Blume: Nature and Metamorphosis, November 14, 2014-April 5, 2015; traveled to Hartford, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, July 3-September 20, 2015 (Philadelphia only) cat. 90.

Publication History

Howard Devree, "Diverse Americans: The Development of Glackens' Painting--Blume's New Work--Thon and Others," New York Times, Jan. 9, 1949, p. X8 (ill.).

“Peter Blume Presents His Magnum Opus,” Art Digest 23 (Jan. 15, 1949), p. 13 (ill.).

“Blume: Obsessed Realist,” Art News 47 (Jan. 1949), pp. 22-23 (ill.).

Magazine of Art 42 (Mar. 1949), p. 85 (ill.).

"Surrealism Wins in the People's Vote," Art Digest 25, 7 ( Jan. 1, 1951), p. 8, ill.

"The Peoples Choice," Carnegie Magazine, 25, (Jan. 1951) pp. 13-15, ill. cover.

The Seventy-Fifth Anniversary Exhibition of Painting & Sculpture by 75 Artists Associated with the Art Students League of New York (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1951), p. 75.

Paintings in the Art Institute of Chicago: a Catalogue of the Picture Collection (Art Institute of Chicago, 1961), p. 26.

James A. Schinneller, Art/Search & Self-Discovery, 3rd ed., (Davis Publications, 1975), p. 36.

The Art Institute of Chicago: Twentieth-Century Painting and Sculpture, selected by James N. Wood and Teri J. Edelstein (Art Institute of Chicago, 1996), p. 89 (ill.).

Franklin Toker, Fallingwater Rising (Alfred A. Knopf, 2003), p.317 (ill.).

“Seeing Beyond the Must-Sees,” Chicago Tribune, Section 7, Apr.18, 2003, p. 7.

Judith A. Barter et al., "American Modernism at the Art Institute of Chicago, From World War I to 1955," (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2009), cat. 155.

Ownership History

Commissioned by Edgar Kaufmann, from 1948 to 1955; by descent to Edgar Kaufmann Jr., from 1955 to 1956; The Art Institute of Chicago, 1956.

View mobile website