About This Artwork

Roman, minted in Rome.

Aureus (Coin) Portraying Emperor Caracalla, A.D. 204 (January/April), issued by Septimius Severus

Diam. 2.1 cm; 7.23 g
"Antoninus Pius Augustus, Pontif, holding Tribunican Power for Seventh Time"
Reverse: VICT PART . MAX
"Great Parthian Victory"

Gift of Martin A. Ryerson, 1922.4884

The purpose of the first portrait coins was to identify the ruler. The front side became a mirror of the sovereign’s self-image. The back was often used to communicate the ruler’s accomplishments or intentions.

The profile portrait was used because it suited the very shallow depth and limited surface of the coin. The tiny images were carved by engravers into bronze dies, one for the front and another for the back. Whereas modern coinage is cast by pouring molten metal into molds, these coins were struck, one by one. This coin portrays Caracalla (r. A.D. 211–217) as an innocent child who later killed his brother in order to rule alone.

—Permanent collection label

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Gallery 156, April 20, 1994 - February 6, 2012.

Publication History

Theresa Gross-Diaz, Roman Art, Museum Studies: Ancient Art at The Art Institute of Chicago 20, no. 1 (1994), pp. 76-77 (ill.), no. 56.

Karen B. Alexander, "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago," in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2012), p. 29.

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