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About This Artwork
Aureus (Coin) Portraying Empress Faustina the Younger, AD 161/75, issued by Marcus Aurelius
Diam. 2 cm; 7.08 g
Obverse: FAVSTINA AVGVSTA
Reverse: IVNONI LVCINAE
Gift of Martin A. Ryerson, 1922.4877
Ancient and Byzantine Art
Not on Display
Governing the People
The Good Emperors dedicated themselves to the well-being of the people, but as the back of their coins indicate, each ruler had his own understanding of what made good government.
Antoninus Pius, living up to his name, portrays himself practicing religious rites by making a sacrifice to the gods. His daughter the empress Faustina the Younger, was paired with an image of Juno who, as the wife of Jupiter, symbolized marriage and family and acted as the divine protector of children. Rome encouraged large families to populate its provinces and fill the army’s ranks. Faustina was the wife of Emperor Marcus Aurelius and mother of his thirteen children.
—Permanent collection label
This work appears in the online catalogue Roman Art at the Art Institute of Chicago, featuring art historical essays and conservation reports on artworks from the ancient Roman world in the Art Institute’s collection. Entries include new high-resolution photography, stunning 360-degree views of the works, and in-depth technical imaging and analysis. The volume is free to the public.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Ruling Families: Imperial Dynasties of the Early Roman Empire 31 B.C.-A.D. 235, Gallery 155, November 1997-November 2001.
Theresa Gross-Diaz, “Cat. 55 Aureus Portraying Faustina the Younger: Curatorial Entry,” in Roman Art at the Art Institute of Chicago (Art Institute of Chicago, 2016).
Karen B. Alexander, "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago," in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2012), p. 29.