About This Artwork


Relief of a Falling Warrior, 2nd century A.D.

53.3 x 81 x 17.5 cm (21 x 31 15/16 x 6 7/8 in.)

Gift of Alfred E. Hamill, 1928.257

Around 435 B.C., the Greek sculptor Phidias enriched the front of the shield at the side of his gold-and-ivory statue of Athena in the Parthenon with scenes of Greeks and Amazons battling in the Trojan War. In Roman times, certain figures from this complex struggle were lifted out of their original context and enlarged to become decorative reliefs for the walls of a colonnade or courtyard.

Here a wounded Greek warrior collapses to the ground after being struck a mortal blow from behind. The dying warrior’s noble countenance, the fillet or ribbon tied around his forehead, and his powerful, athletic body epitomize what Phidias and his pupils sought to project as the ideal of mature male dignity in the decade when Athens was at the height of its power in the eastern Mediterranean world. Some five centuries later, collectors such as the Roman emperor Hadrian sought this Phidian style, translated from a circular golden shield to a rectangular marble relief, to decorate their palaces and villas. Athenian sculptors of the Roman Empire made a good living creating and exporting such memories of past glories. This relief and a number of others were found near Athens in the harbor of Piraeus, where they had been lost in a disaster, likely while awaiting shipment.

— Entry, Essential Guide, 2013, p. 75.

This scene depicts a wounded Greek warrior sinking to the ground after being struck from behind. It was appropriated from a scene depicting a battle between Greeks and Amazons found on the exterior of the shield accompanying the monumental cult statue of the goddess Athena. Created by the famous Greek sculptor Phidias, the statue stood inside the Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens. Here the warrior was lifted out of the circular composition of the shield and inserted into a rectangular panel that would have decorated a wall.

—Permanent collection and Google Art label

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Gallery 156, 1994 - February 2012.

The Art Institute of Chicago, Of Gods and Glamour: The Mary and Michael Jaharis Galleries of Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Art, Gallery 152, November 11, 2012 - present.

Publication History

Karen B. Alexander. "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago." in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2012), p.29.

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