About This Artwork

Roman, minted in Spain, possibly Colonia Caesaraugusta (Zaragoza) or Colonia Patricia (Cordoba)

Denarius (Coin) Portraying Emperor Augustus, 19/18 B.C., issued by Augustus

Silver
Diam. 2 cm; 3.90 g
Obverse: CAESAR AVGVSTVS
"Augustus Caesar"
Reverse: DIVVS IVLIVS
"Divine Julius"

Gift of Martin A. Ryerson, 1922.4856

This work appears in the online catalogue Roman Art at the Art Institute of Chicago, featuring art historical essays and conservation reports on artworks from the ancient Roman world in the Art Institute’s collection. Many of the objects are published here for the first time. The entries include new high-resolution photography, stunning 360-degree views of the works, and in-depth technical imaging and analysis. The volume is free to the public. The project received generous funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The catalogue was built using the OSCI Toolkit, an open-source digital authoring and publishing platform. Find the Art Institute's toolkit customizations and additions on github under the OSCI-Toolkit, OSCI-Toolkit-Frontend, and ChicagoCodeX repositories.


This work appears in the online catalogue Roman Art at the Art Institute of Chicago, featuring art historical essays and conservation reports on artworks from the ancient Roman world in the Art Institute’s collection. Many of the objects are published here for the first time. The entries include new high-resolution photography, stunning 360-degree views of the works, and in-depth technical imaging and analysis. The volume is free to the public. The project received generous funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. The catalogue was built using the OSCI Toolkit, an open-source digital authoring and publishing platform. Find the Art Institute's toolkit customizations and additions on github under the OSCI-Toolkit, OSCI-Toolkit-Frontend, and ChicagoCodeX repositories.


The purpose of the first portrait coins was to identify the ruler. The front side became a mirror of the sovereign’s self-image. The back was often used to communicate the ruler’s accomplishments or intentions.

The profile portrait was used because it suited the very shallow depth and limited surface of the coin. The tiny images were carved by engravers into bronze dies, one for the front and another for the back. Whereas modern coinage is cast by pouring molten metal into molds, these coins were struck, one by one.

In place of human ancestors, some rulers substituted real or mythic heroes or even the gods as their progenitors.

When a great comet appeared in the sky after Julius Caesar’s assassination, Caesar’s heir Augustus (r. 27 B.C.–A.D. 14) claimed it was proof that Caesar had become a god, making Augustus the son of a god.

—Permanent collection label

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

The Art Institute of Chicago, Ruling Families: Imperial Dynasties of the Early Roman Empire 31 B.C.- A.D. 235, Gallery 155 (Coin Case), November 1, 1997 - Nov. 2001.

The Art Institute of Chicago, Power Struggles: Cleopatra's Relatives and Their Rivals, Gallery 155 (Coin Case), November 2001 - 2007.

The Art Institute of Chicago, Of Gods and Glamour: The Mary and Michael Jaharis Galleries of Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Art, Gallery 152, July 2013 - present.

Publication History

Elizabeth Hahn Benge, "From Aegina to Andronicus: A Survey of Coinage at the Art Institute of Chicago," in Historia Mundi n. 5 (January 2016), pp. 209, 210 (fig. 12),

Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago. vol. 72, no. 5, (September-October, 1978) p. 2.

Karen B. Alexander, "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago," in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2012), p. 29.




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