About This Artwork

Roman

Denarius (Coin) Portraying Augustus, 19–18 B.C., issued by Augustus

Silver
Diam. 2 cm; 3.90 g
OB: CAESAR AVGVSTVS
"Augustus Caesar"
REV: DIVVS IVLIVS
"Divine Julius"

Gift of Martin A. Ryerson, 1922.4856

The purpose of the first portrait coins was to identify the ruler. The front side became a mirror of the sovereign’s self-image. The back was often used to communicate the ruler’s accomplishments or intentions.

The profile portrait was used because it suited the very shallow depth and limited surface of the coin. The tiny images were carved by engravers into bronze dies, one for the front and another for the back. Whereas modern coinage is cast by pouring molten metal into molds, these coins were struck, one by one.

In place of human ancestors, some rulers substituted real or mythic heroes or even the gods as their progenitors.

When a great comet appeared in the sky after Julius Caesar’s assassination, Caesar’s heir Augustus (r. 27 B.C.–A.D. 14) claimed it was proof that Caesar had become a god, making Augustus the son of a god.

—Permanent collection label

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

"Ruling Families: Imperial Dynasties of the Early Roman Empire 31 B.C.- A.D. 235." Nov.
1997 - Nov. 2001, Gallery 155 (Coin Case)

"Power Struggles: Cleopatra's Relatives and Their Rivals, Gallery 155 (Coin Case), Nov.
2001 - 2007.

Publication History

Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago. vol. 72, no. 5, September-October, 1978, p.2.

Alexander, Karen B. 2012. "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago." in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, p.29. Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press.




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