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About This Artwork
Coin Showing Mark Antony, 43–42 B.C.
Diam. 1.9 cm; 3.95 g
REV: (C) (V)IBIVS VARVS
Gift of Martin A. Ryerson, 1922.4854
The purpose of the first portrait coins was to identify the ruler. The front side became a mirror of the sovereign’s self-image. The back was often used to communicate the ruler’s accomplishments or intentions. The profile portrait was used because it suited the very shallow depth and limited surface of the coin. The tiny images were carved by engravers into bronze dies, one for the front and another for the back. Whereas modern coinage is cast by pouring molten metal into molds, these coins were struck, one by one. PORTRAITS ILLUSTRATE HISTORY These three coins portay the three warlords whose rivalry changed the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire. Caesar, Mark Antony, and Octavian all sought to rule Rome; Caesar was assassinated, and Antony was forced to suicide, but Octavian succeeded and became Rome’s first Emperor.
"Ruling Families: Imperial Dynasties of the Early Roman Empire 31 B.C. - A.D. 235". Nov. 1997 - Nov. 2001. Galery 155 (Coin Case)
"Power Struggles: Cleopatra's Relatives and Their Rivals," Gallery 155 (Coin Case), Nov.
2001 - 2007.
Alexander, Karen B. 2012. "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago." in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, p.29. Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press.