About This Artwork

John Henry Twachtman
American, 1853–1902

The White Bridge, after 1895

Oil on canvas
75 x 75 cm (29 1/2 x 29 1/2 in.)
Signed, lower left: "J. H. Twachtman"

Mr. and Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson Collection, 1937.1042

The White Bridge depicts Horseneck Brook, which traversed John Henry Twachtman's Connecticut property. The artist painted at least six versions of the bridge over the course of six years; however, its shape is slightly different in each work. Twachtman may have altered the actual bridge or simply changed its appearance in each painting. Loosely rendered with feathery brushstrokes of green and rich brown, and incorporating expanses of unprimed canvas, this scene captures the rapid growth and verdant blossoming of spring.

— Permanent collection label

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

New York School of Applied Design for Women, Exhibition of Fifty Paintings by the late John H. Twachtman, January 15-February 15, 1913, no. 36.

Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Albright Art Gallery, Exhibition of Paintings and Pastels by the Late John H. Twachtman, March 11-April 2, 1913, no. 27 as The Bridge.

New York, American Art Galleries, Paintings by Ancient and Modern Masters, May 4-9, 1916 (?), no. 78 as The White Bridge.

Detroit, Michigan, The Detroit Institute of Arts (formerly Detroit Museum of Art), "Catalogue of the Fourth Annual Exhibition of Selected Paintings by American Artists," April 9 - May 30, 1918, no. 121, as Bridge in Spring.

Art Institute of Chicago, Summer Exhibitions: Paintings from the Permanent Collections, July 20-October 29, 1939, no. 12 as The White Bridge.

Illinois, Decatur Art Center, Millikin University, Masterpieces of European and American Art Lent by the Art Institute of Chicago, March 4-25, 1945, Reginald H. Neal, no. 16; traveled to Springfield Art Association, Ill., April 4-30.

South Bend Art Association, Ind., American Painting in the Manner of the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries, February 10-March 31, 1948, James Murray Haddow, no. 55.

Cincinnati Art Museum, A Retrospective Exhibition: John Henry Twachtman, October 7-November 20, 1966, Richard J. Boyle, no. 59.

Charlotte, N.C., The Mint Museum, American Masterpieces from American Museums, November 10, 1985-January 5, 1986.

West Palm Beach, Fla., Norton Gallery of Art, In Nature’s Ways: American Landscape Painting of the Late Nineteenth Century, February 21- April 12, 1987, Bruce Weber and William Gerdts, no. 69, ill. p. 70; traveled to New York, National Academy of Design, May 8-August 16, 1987; Chicago, Terra Museum of American Art, September 10-November 1, 1987.

"John Twachtman: An American Impressionist" Cincinatti: 6/6/99 - 9/5/99; Philadelphia: 10/7/99 - 1/2/2000 and Atlanta 2/12/2000 - 5/27/2000

Publication History

American Art Annual for 1915-1916, 13, p. 394.

Paintings in the Art Institute of Chicago: A Catalogue of the Picture Collection (The Netherlands, 1961), p. 457.

John Douglass Hale, The Life and Creative Development of John H. Twachtman, vol. 1, Ph.D., diss. Ohio State University, 1957, p. 435.

Lisa N. Peters, “The Suburban Aesthetic: John Twachtman’s ‘White Bridge,’” Porticus, 17-19 (1994-96), pp. 51-56.

Susan G. Larkin, “On Home Ground: John Twachtman and the Familiar Landscape,” American Art Journal, 29, 1 & 2 (1998), pp. 52-85, fig. 19.

Judith A. Barter et al, The Age of American Impressionism: Masterpieces from the Art Institute of Chicago (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2011), no. 59.

Ownership History

Alexander Morton, New York, by 1916; American Art Galleries, New York, 1916; Macbeth Galleries, New York, 1916;
Mr. and Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson, Chicago, Ill.; 1916; bequested by them to the Art Institute, 1937.

Interpretive Resources

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