About This Artwork

Diteka (active early to mid-20th century)
Northern Mozambique or southern Tanzania

Helmet Mask (Lipiko), Possibly early/mid–20th century

Wood, human hair, and pigment
H. 26 cm (10 1/4 in.)

Through prior bequest of Florene May Schoenborn, 2017.106

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

New York, Museum of Modern Art, "Primitivism" in 20th Century Art: Affinity of the Tribal and the Modern; traveled to Detroit Institute of Arts and Dallas Museum of Art), cat. vol. 1, pg. 39.

Marseille, Musée d'arts Africains, Océaniens, Amérindiens, Arman & l'art africain, June 23-October 30, 1996; traveled to Musée national des Arts d'Afrique et d'Océanie, Paris, December 3, 1996-February 17, 1997; Rautenstrauch-Joest-Museum, Museum für Völkerkunde, Cologne, March-June 1997, cat. 103, pg. 130.

Publication History

William Rubin (ed.). 1984. "Primitivism" in 20th Century Art: Affinity of the Tribal and the Modern, vol. 1, exh. cat. (Museum of Modern Art, New York; Detroit Institute of Arts; Dallas Museum of Art), p. 39.

Alain Nicolas and Marianne Sourrieu. 1996. Arman & l'art africain, exh. cat. (Musée d'Arts africains, océaniens, amérindiens, Marseilles; Musée national des arts d'Afrique et d'Océanie, Paris; Rautenstrauch-Joest-Museum, Cologne; Royal Museum for Central Africa, Tervuren; Museum for African Art, New York). Marseilles: Musée de Marseille - Réunion des Musées nationaux), pg. 130, cat. 103 (ill.).

Peter Stepan. 2005. Spirits Speak: A Celebration of African Masks (Munich/London/New York: Prestel Verlag), pg. 180, pl. 122 (ill.)

Jacques Germain. 2017. Art Ancien de l'Afrique Noire, vol. VIII. (Paris and Montreal, Jacques Germain Arts Ethnographiques, Inc.), pp. 136-137 (ill.).

Ownership History

Arman (Armand Fernandez, 1928-2005), Paris/New York, by 1984 to 2005; by descent to Corice Canton Arman, New York, from 2005 to 2016; sold to Jacques Germain, Montreal, 2016.

Interpretive Resources

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