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About This Artwork
Stamnos (Mixing Jar), About 450 BC
Terra-cotta, decorated in the red-figure technique
H. 37 cm (14 5/8 in.); diam. 26 cm (10 1/4 in.)
Gift of Philip D. Armour and Charles L. Hutchinson, 1889.22a-b
This refined Athenian stamnos (pl. stamnoi) was used to mix water and wine. Also valued for its beauty, this red-figure vessel (so called because the figures remain the natural color of the clay) portrays either Greek women or maenads, female participants in rites celebrating Dionysos, the god of wine. But unlike the frenzied and whirling figures of other Greek vases, these women convey calm, even elegance. This tender serenity, coupled with a softer, somewhat freer form, is a hallmark of the artist (referred to as the Chicago Painter because of this vase) and has been used to identify other works by him, principally similar stamnoi. Working in the potters’ quarter of mid-fifth-century BC Athens, the painter was active during the construction of the Parthenon, the stylistic influence of which can be seen here. He worked closely with a master potter whose vases were individually shaped in a prescribed range of configurations. With refined designs that are gracefully adapted to its shape, this stamnos is a fine example of red-figure painting during the Classical era. It retains its original lid, a rarity among ancient vases.
Greek Vase Painting in Midwestern Collections, The Art Institute of Chicago, December 22, 1979-February 4, 1980, cat. no. 111.
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The Art Institute of Chicago, Greek Vases - Form and Function, Gallery 101A, March 3, 1986-August 8, 1986.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Myth and Legend in Classical Art, Gallery 101A, March 1, 1987-August 31, 1987.
The Art Institute of Chicago, The Human Figure in Greek and Roman Art: From the Permanent Collection (part 2), Gallery 120A, January 13, 1989 - September , 24, 1989.
The Art Institute of Chicago, 1889: the First Year of the Classical Collection, Gallery 101A, October 3, 1989-January 2, 1991.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Gallery 155, April 20, 1994-February 6, 2012 (excluding July 2009 -October 2009).
The Art Institute of Chicago, A Case for Wine: From King Tut to Today, Regenstein Hall, July 11–September 20, 2009.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Of Gods and Glamour: The Mary and Michael Jaharis Galleries of Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Art, Gallery 151, November 11, 2012-July 15, 2015.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Dionysos Unmasked: Ancient Sculpture and Early Prints," Gallery 150 and 154, July 31, 2015-February 15, 2016.
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A.W. Johnston, Trademarks on Greek Vases: Addenda (2006), p. 94, 2C no. 2a.
G. Zelleke, "An Embarrassment of Riches: Fifteen Years of European Decorative Arts," Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies, vol. 28, no. 2 (2002), p. 51, fig. 1.
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Karen Alexander, "The New Galleries of Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago," Minerva (May/June, 1994), vol. 5, No. 3, p. 31, fig. 6.
John G. Pedley, Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 20, 1 (1994), pp. 42-43, 46 (ill.)
James N. Wood, The Art Institute of Chicago, The Essential Guide (The Art Institute of Chicago, 1993), p. 94.
Martin Robertson, The Art of Vase-Painting in Classical Athens (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 191-2, fig. 203.
Francoise Frontisi-Ducroux, Le Dieu-Masque: Une Figure du Dionysos d'Athenes, Editions La Decouverte et Ecole Francasie de Rome (1991), p. 96-97, figure 34.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Pocketguide to the Art Institute of Chicago (Art Institute of Chicago, 1988), p. 9 (ill.).
J.-L. Durand and F. Frontisi-Ducroux, "Idoles, Figures, Images: Autour de Dionysos," Revue Archeologique (1982), p. 101 (ill.).
L. Berge, "Greek Vase-Painting in Midwestern Collections," Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago, vol. 73, no. 5/6 (September-December 1979), pp. 10-11 (ill.).
Warren G. Moon, Greek Vase-Painting in Midwestern Collections, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago, 1979), pp. 197-99, no. 111.
Barbara Philippak, The Attic Stamnos, Oxford Monographs on Classical Archaeology (Oxford University Press, 1967), pp. 111-2, fig. 15.
J.D. Beazley, Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters (Clarendon Press, 1963), p. 628, no. 4.
Betty Grossman, "Greek Vase by the Chicago Painter," in Bulletin of the City Art Museum of St. Louis, vol. 40, no. 1/2 (1955), p. 20.
Mary Herford, A Handbook of Greek Vase Painting (The University Press, Longmans, Green & Co., 1919), p. 36, pl. 1d.
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A. Frickenhausen, Lenäenvasen (Berlin 1912), pp. 13-14 and 38 no. 5, pl. 4.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Preliminary Catalogue of Metal Work, Graeco-Italian Vases, and Antiquities, December 9, 1889 (The Early & Halla Printing Company, 1889), p. 40, no. 335.
W.M.R. French, Notes [on a] journey to Europe with Mr. and Mrs. C.L. Hutchinson starting from New York Sat'y Mch. 9, 1889- , p. 23.