About This Artwork

Claude Monet
French, 1840-1926

The Customs House at Varengeville, 1897

Oil on canvas
65.6 x 92.8 cm (25 13/16 x 36 1/2 in.)
Inscribed, lower left: Claude Monet 97

Mr. and Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson Collection, 1933.1149

Wildenstein, Claude Monet, biographie et catalogue raisonné, 1979 1455


This work is featured in the online catalogue Monet Paintings and Drawings at the Art Institute of Chicago, the first volume in the Art Institute’s scholarly digital series on the Impressionist circle. The catalogue offers in-depth curatorial and technical entries on 47 artworks by Claude Monet in the museum’s collection; entries feature interactive and layered high-resolution imaging, previously unpublished technical photographs, archival materials, and documentation relating to each artwork.

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

Possibly Paris, Galerie Georges Petit, Exposition Claude Monet, June 1898, cat. 27 or 28, as Poste de Douaniers, à Varengeville, 1897.

Possibly Paris, Bernheim-Jeune, Exposition Monet, 1906.

Paris, Bernheim-Jeune, Collection Maurice Masson, Feb. 27–Mar. 15, 1911, cat. 23, as La cabane du douanier.

Chicago, Stratford Hotel, Tableaux Durand-Ruel, late Jan.–early Feb. 1914.


Art Institute of Chicago, “A Century of Progress”: Loan Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture; Lent from American Collections, May 23–Nov. 1, 1933, cat. 296.

Art Institute of Chicago, “A Century of Progress”: Loan Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture for 1934, June 1–Oct. 31, 1934, cat. 215.

University of Chicago, Lexington Hall, Nov. 17–Dec. 17, 1952, no cat.

Art Institute of Chicago, The Paintings of Claude Monet, Apr. 1–June 15, 1957, no cat. no.

Columbia. S.C., Museum of Art, Impressionism: An Exhibition Commemorative of the Tenth Anniversary of the Columbia Museum of Art . . . Symbolic of Its Introduction of New Ideas into the World of Today, Apr. 3–May 8, 1960, cat. 20 (ill.).

Art Institute of Chicago, Paintings by Monet, Mar. 15–May 11, 1975, cat. 97 (ill.).

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, Monet in the ’90s: The Series Paintings, Feb. 7–Apr. 29, 1990, cat. 69 (ill.); Art Institute of Chicago, May 19–Aug. 12, 1990; London, Royal Academy of Arts, Sept. 7–Dec. 9, 1990.

Florence, Sala Bianca di Palazzo Pitti, Claude Monet: La poesia della luce; Sette capolavori dell’Art Institute di Chicago a Palazzo Pitti, June 2–Aug. 29, 1999, no cat. no. (ill.).

Publication History

Possibly Galerie Georges Petit, Exposition Claude Monet, exh. cat. (Georges Petit, 1898), p. 5, cat. 27 or cat. 28.

Achille Segard, Collection Maurice Masson, exh. cat. (Bernheim-Jeune, 1911), introduction.

Bernheim-Jeune, Collection Maurice Masson, exh. cat. (Bernheim-Jeune, 1911), p. 17, cat. 23.

Art Institute of Chicago, A Guide to the Paintings in the Permanent Collection (Art Institute of Chicago, 1925), p. 162, cat. 2134.

M. C., “Monets in the Art Institute,” Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago 19, 2 (Feb. 1925), p. 20.

Art Institute of Chicago, Catalogue of “A Century of Progress”: Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture; Lent from American Collections, ed. Daniel Catton Rich, 3rd ed., exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago, 1933), p. 43, cat. 296.

Art Institute of Chicago, Catalogue of “A Century of Progress”: Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture, 1934, ed. Daniel Catton Rich, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago, 1934), p. 37, cat. 215.

Oscar Reuterswärd, Monet: En konstnärshistorik (Bonniers, 1948), p. 284.

Art Institute of Chicago, “Catalogue,” Art Institute of Chicago Quarterly 51, 2 (Apr. 1, 1957), p. 33.

Columbia Museum of Art, Impressionism: An Exhibition Commemorative of the Tenth Anniversary of the Columbia Museum of Art . . . Symbolic of Its Introduction of New Ideas into the World of Today, exh. cat. (Columbia Museum of Art, 1960), p. [13], cat. 20 (ill.).

Art Institute of Chicago, Paintings in the Art Institute of Chicago: A Catalogue of the Picture Collection (Art Institute of Chicago, 1961), p. 321.

Steven Z. Levine, “Monet’s Cabane du Douanier,” Fogg Art Museum Annual Report, 1971–1972 (President and Fellows of Harvard College on behalf of Harvard Art Museum, 1972), pp. 32; 40, fig. 6; 41.

Grace Seiberling, “The Evolution of an Impressionist,” in Paintings by Monet, ed. Susan Wise, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago, 1975), p. 35.

Susan Wise, ed., Paintings by Monet, exh. cat. (Art Institute of Chicago, 1975), p. 154, cat. 97 (ill.).

Joel Isaacson, Claude Monet, Observation and Reflection (Phaidon/Dutton, 1978), pp. 9; 40; 42; 43; 164, pl. 119; 226, no. 119.

Daniel Wildenstein, Claude Monet: Biographie et catalogue raisonné, vol. 3, Peintures, 1887–1898 (Bibliothèque des Arts, 1979), pp. 75; 204; 205, cat. 1455 (ill.).

Charles F. Stuckey, ed., Monet: A Retrospective (Hugh Lauter Levin, 1985), p. 299 (ill.).Paul Hayes Tucker, Monet in the ’90s, exh. cat. (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston/Yale University Press, 1989), pp. 190; 193; 198; 203; 205; 207, pl. 76; 211; 299, cat. 69.

Daniel Wildenstein, Claude Monet: Catalogue raisonné, vol. 5, Supplément aux peintures; Dessins: Pastels; Index (Wildenstein Institute, 1991), p. 51, cat. 1455.

Andrew Forge, Monet, Artists in Focus (Art Institute of Chicago, 1995), pp. 52–53; 65; 93, pl. 22; 108.

Daniel Wildenstein, Monet, or The Triumph of Impressionism, cat. rais., vol. 1 (Taschen/Wildenstein Institute, 1996), p. 316, cat. 1455.

Simonella Condemi and Andrew Forge, Claude Monet: La poesia della luce; Sette capolavori dell’Art Institute di Chicago a Palazzo Pitti, exh. cat. (Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali, Soprintendenza per i Beni Artistici e Storici di Firenze Pistoia e Prato/Giunti, 1999), pp. 38–39 (ill.), 40–41 (detail).

Eric M. Zafran, “Monet in America,” in Wildenstein and Co., Claude Monet (1840–1926): A Tribute to Daniel Wildenstein and Katia Granoff, exh. cat. (Wildenstein, 2007), p. 112.

“Cat. 35: The Customs House at Varengeville, 1897” in Monet Paintings and Drawings at the Art Institute of Chicago, ed. Gloria Groom and Jill Shaw (Art Institute of Chicago, 2014).

Ownership History

Sold by the artist to Galerie Allard et Noel, Feb. 1899, for 6,000 francs. [1]

Acquired by Maurice Masson, Paris, by Feb. 27, 1911. [2]

Sold at the Maurice Masson, Paris, sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, June 22, 1911, lot 23, to Durand-Ruel, Paris, for 9,020 francs. [3]

Sold by Durand-Ruel, Paris, to Durand-Ruel, New York, July 21, 1913 or Aug. 6, 1913. [4]

Sold by Durand-Ruel, New York, to Martin A. Ryerson, Chicago, Feb. 10, 1914 for $7,500. [5]

Bequeathed by Martin A. Ryerson (died 1932), Chicago, to the Art Institute of Chicago, 1933.

NOTES

[1] This transaction is recorded in Monet’s livre de comptes, ventes janvier–juillet 1899, as “Allard et Noel / Vernon temps gris 6000 / poste douanier Varengeville 6000.” The livre de comptes is located at the Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris. Photocopy of this page in curatorial object file, Art Institute of Chicago.

[2] See Bernheim-Jeune, Collection Maurice Masson, exh. cat. (Bernheim-Jeune, 1911), p. 17, cat. 23. This exhibition took place February 27–March 15, 1911.

[3] See Hôtel Drouot, Paris, Catalogue des tableaux par Berton (Armand), Boudin, Delvolvé-Carrière (Lisbeth), Carrière, Clary, Corot, Degas, Dulac, Harpignies, Jongkind, Laurent (Ernest), Lebourg, Le Sidaner, Lépine, Martin (H.), Monet, Montenard, Monticelli, Pissarro, Renoir, Ribot, Rops, Simons (P.), Sisley, Toulouse-Lautrec, Vignon, Ziem et des Sculptures par Boucher (Alfred), Desbois, Rodin: Oeuvres importantes de Monet et Sisley appartenant à M. Maurice Masson (Hôtel Drouot, June 22, 1911), p. 27, lot 23. The transaction is recorded in the Durand-Ruel, Paris, stock book for 1901–13 (no. 9648, as La cabane du douanier): “Purchased by DR Paris on 23 June 1911 at the Masson sale, (Paris, Lair-Dubreuil commissaire-priseur), lot no. 23, for 9 020 F; Stock DR Paris no. 9648; photo no. 7040,” as confirmed by Paul-Louis Durand-Ruel and Flavie Durand-Ruel, Durand-Ruel Archives, to the Art Institute of Chicago, Feb. 5, 2013, curatorial object file, Art Institute of Chicago.

[4] The Paris and New York Durand-Ruel stock books record different dates for the sale. The Paris stock book for 1901–13 (no. 9648, as La cabane du douanier) states: “Sold to DR New York on 21 July 1913.” The New York stock book for 1904–24 (no. 3668, as La cabane de douaniers) states: “Purchased by DR New York on 6 August 1913 as La cabane de douaniers.” Confirmed by Paul-Louis Durand-Ruel and Flavie Durand-Ruel, Durand-Ruel Archives, to the Art Institute of Chicago, Feb. 5, 2013, curatorial object file, Art Institute of Chicago.

[5] The transaction is recorded in the Durand-Ruel, New York, stock book for 1904–24 (no. 3668, as La cabane de douaniers): “Sold to M. A. Ryerson on 10 February 1914 for $7 500,” as confirmed by Paul-Louis Durand-Ruel and Flavie Durand-Ruel, Durand-Ruel Archives, to the Art Institute of Chicago, Feb. 5, 2013. A purchase receipt on Durand-Ruel letterhead, dated February 10, 1914, details that this painting (no. 3668, Monet, La cabane de douaniers, 1897) was acquired by M. A. Ryerson, in addition to two other paintings (no. 3646, Monet,Waterloo Bridge, London, 1903) (W1586); and no. 3768, Monet, Les nymphéas, paysage d’eau, 1906 (W1683) for $20,000. Photocopy in curatorial object file, Art Institute of Chicago. This painting was on loan from Martin A. Ryerson to the Art Institute of Chicago, intermittently, by 1921, according to Museum Registration department artists sheets, on file in Museum Registration, Art Institute of Chicago.




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