About This Artwork

Gustave Courbet
French, 1819-1877

The Brook of Les Puits-Noir, c. 1855

Oil on canvas
46.5 x 55.7 cm (18 1/4 x 21 7/8 in.)
Inscribed lower left: G. Courbet

Mr. and Mrs. Martin A. Ryerson Collection, 1933.1117

Fernier 888

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

Art Institute of Chicago, A Century of Progress: Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture, June 1–November 1, 1934, no. 175.

New York, American Federation of the Arts, 19th Century French Paintings, 1948–1949; traveled to Saginaw Art Museum, December 19, 1948–January 9, 1949, cat. 6; Dayton, Dayton Art Institute, June 1–June 22, 1948; Springfield, Springfield Art Museum, no cat.; Memphis, Brooks Memorial Art Gallery, March 1949; Utica, New York, Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, April 1949.

Nagoaka, Niigata Prefectural Museum, Masterworks of Modern Art from the Art Institute of Chicago, April 20–May 29, 1944, no. 1; traveled to Nahoya, Aichi Prefectural Museum of Art, August 6–September 25, 1994.

New York, Salander-O’Reilly Galleries, Courbet (1819–1877): Later Paintings, January 6–February 28, 1998 no. 25; traveled to Roslyn Harbor, New York, Nassau Country Art Museum, March 7–May 29, 1998.

Publication History

“Mouvement des Arts: Collection Mazaroz-Ribalier,” Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 22, suppl. (1890), p. 169.

Art Institute of Chicago, General Catalogue of Paintings, Sculpture and Other Objects in the Museum (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1914), p. 210, no. 2125.

Eliot Clark, “Courbet,” Art in America 8 (1920), p. 16.

Art Institute of Chicago, A Guide to the Paintings in the Permanent Collection (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1925), p. 161, no. 2104.

Charles Léger, Courbet (Paris: G. Crès et cie, 1929), p. 57–58.

Art Institute of Chicago, A Guide to the Paintings in the Permanent Collection (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1932), p. 184, no. 587.13.

E. Bénézit, Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres, sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs…, vol. 2 (Paris: Librairie Gründ, 1949; repr. 1966), p. 681.

Art Institute of Chicago, Paintings in The Art Institute of Chicago: A Catalogue of the Picture Collection (Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1961), p. 107.

Faber Birren, History of Color in Painting: With New Principles of Color Expression (New York: Reinhold Pub. Corp., 1965), p. 265 (ill.).

Jack Lindsay, Gustave Courbet: His Life and Art (New York: Harper & Row, 1973), pp. 111–12.

Robert Fernier, La vie et l’œuvre de Gustave Courbet: catalogue raisonné, vol. 2 (Lausanne: Bibliothèque des arts, 1978), pp. 176–77, no. 888 (ill.).

John D. Morse, Old Master Paintings in North America (New York: Abbeville Press, 1979), p. 70.

Gabriel P. Weisberg, Millet and his Barbizon Contemporaries, exh. cat. (Keo Department Store, Tokyo, 1985), p. 120, under no. 9.

Pierre Courthion, L’opera completa di Courbet (Milan: Rizzoli Editore, 1985), p. 124, no. 905, fig 905.

Pierre Courthion, Tout l’œuvre peint de Courbet (Paris: Flammarion, 1987; repr. 1995), p. 124, no. 905, fig. 905.

Ownership History

Jean-Paul Mazaroz-Ribalier, Paris, by 1890; sold Hôtel Drouot, May 13–14, 1890, no. 13 for 1,250 francs [price according to an annotated copy of the sale catalogue in the Rijksbureau voor Kunsthistorische Documentatie, The Hague]. Durand-Ruel Paris, by June 5, 1890 [according to a receipt in the Martin A. Ryerson files, Art Institute Archives; it is possible Durand-Ruel acted as an agent for Ryerson]; sold to Martin A. Ryerson, New York, October 27, 1890, for $2,000 [according to the receipt of sale, Art Institute Archives]; on loan to the Art Institute from 1913; bequeathed to the Art Institute, 1933.

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