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About This Artwork
Head of Medusa, c. 1801
H. 31 cm (12 .20 in.) (without socle); H. 52.25 cm (20.57 in.) (with socle)
Lacy Armour Endowment, 2002.606
The great Neoclassical sculptor Antonio Canova dominated the artistic scene in Rome at the turn of the 19th century. This bust represents a partial study for his marble statue Perseus Holding the Head of Medusa (1797–1801). The face of Medusa, a monster from Greek mythology, had the power to petrify anyone who beheld it. Canova expressed the horror of Medusa’s appearance and her death throes in this decapitated head. The sculptor initially modeled the work in clay, subsequently making a plaster mold of it. This preserved the freshness and spontaneity of the model while conveying a surface similar to the finished marble.
— Permanent collection label
Bruce Boucher, “Head of Medusa,” Notable Acquisitions at the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Studies 29, 2 (2003), pp. 62-63 (ill.).
Sold, Sotheby's, London, 14 December 2001, lot 117, to Daniel Katz, Limited, London [according to Danny Katz]; sold to the Art Institute, 2002.