About This Artwork

Egyptian

Statuette of the God Re Horakhty, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21–26 (about 1069–664 BC)

Gilt bronze
25 x 8.3 x 10.5 cm (9 7/8 x 3 1/4 x 4 1/8 in.)
Inscription in gold on belt: Re Horakhty, chief of the gods

Gift of Henry H. Getty, Charles L. Hutchinson, and Robert H. Fleming, 1894.261

This bronze figure of a man with a hawk head represents Re Horakhty, an Egyptian god of the sun.

—Permanent collection label


This majestic statuette is typical of objects that a Greek trader or traveler might have seen and marveled over when Egypt was a world power. Egyptian gods were commonly depicted with human bodies and animal heads. Here the god Re-Horakhty, a combination of the solar gods Re and Horus, is identified by the hawk’s head. The statuette’s strong body and dynamic stance exemplifies the Egyptian artist’s notion of the ideal male figure and expresses the vigor and power of Re-Horakhty, to whom the statuette would have been given as an offering.

— Exhibition label, When the Greeks Ruled: Egypt After Alexander the Great, October 31, 2013–July 27, 2014, Gallery 154.

Exhibition, Publication and Ownership Histories

Exhibition History

SO41204 - to Oriental Institute of Chicago; returned to Art Institute, RofO 36975, 1/14/1993.

The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Rubloff 154A, April 20, 1994 - February 6, 2012.

The Art Institute of Chicago, When the Greeks Ruled: Egypt After Alexander the Great, October 31, 2013 - July 27, 2014; traveled to New York City, N.Y., the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, October 8, 2014 - January 4, 2015.

Publication History

Thomas George Allen, A Handbook of the Egyptian Collection (Art Institute of Chicago, 1923), pp. 101-02 (ill.).

Günther Roeder, Ägyptische Bronzefiguren (Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, 1956), p. 80, §114a, pl. 74a.

Emily Teeter, “Egyptian Art,” in Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Studies 20, 1 (1994), pp. 24 (ill.), 26, no. 8.

Art Institute of Chicago, “CLEOPATRA; THE ANCIENT WORLD,” Computer Program (Art Institute of Chicago, 1997).

Art Institute of Chicago, “A Committee of Two,” in “The Prime Mover”: Charles L. Hutchinson and the Making of the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Studies 36, 1 (2010), p. 63 fig. 20.

Rozenn Bailleul-LeSuer, ed., Between Heaven and Earth: Birds in Ancient Egypt, exh. cat. (Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 2012), pp. 135-36 (ill.), cat. 3.

Roberta Casagrande-Kim, ed., When the Greeks Ruled Egypt: From Alexander the Great to Cleopatra, exh. cat. (Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University/Princeton University Press, p. 20 fig. 1-2, p. 101, cat. 103.

Heike C. Schmidt, “Die Rolle der Gebrüder Brugsch im ägyptischen Antikenhandel,” in Mosse im Museum: Die Stiftungstätigkeit des Berliner Verlegers Rudolf Mosse (1843-1920) für das ägyptische Museum Berlin, ed. Jana Helmbold-Doyé and Thomas L. Gertzen, exh. cat. (Staatliche Museen zu Berlin/Hentrich & Hentrich, 2017), pp. 49, 56n48.

Karen Alexander, The Galleries of Ancient Art: A Guide to the Collection (Art Institute of Chicago, n.d.), n.pag.




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