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About This Artwork
Lekythos (Oil Jar), About 445-440 B.C.
Terra-cotta, white-ground technique
H. 30.8 cm (12 1/8 in.); diam. 9.8 cm (3 7/8 in.)
Gift of Martin A. Ryerson through The Antiquarian Society, 1907.20
Ancient and Byzantine Art
Not on Display
Athenian cemeteries housed a variety of monuments and offerings to the dead. This terracotta vessel, called a lekythos, is one example that held oil. From the middle until the end of the fifth century B.C., they were usually decorated in a distinctive technique known as white ground, so called after the light slip coating on the body and shoulder of the vase. Atop this, figures were usually drawn in outline and then painted in rich colors, many of which have since faded. Since most of these bottles were made for burial with the dead or to be left at their graves, the scenes on their surfaces typically represent tombs, visitors to tombs, and farewell scenes.
Here two men, perhaps father and son, bid one another farewell. On the left, the young man departs, spear in hand, but he looks back toward an older man with a walking stick, who watches him go. The latter man’s hair and beard are white. He wears a russet-colored mantle that appears sheer, clearly revealing the contours of his body underneath.
—Permanent collection label
The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Gallery 155, April 20, 1994 - February 6, 2012.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Of Gods and Glamour: The Mary and Michael Jaharis Galleries of Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Art, Gallery 151, November 11, 2012 - present.
Karen B. Alexander, "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago," in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, (Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press, 2012), p. 22, 38.
Burlington Fine Arts Club. Catalogue of objects of Greek ceramic art: exhibited in 1888 (London, 1888): Pl. 13, No. 56.
Bulletin of the Art Institute of Chicago 1, 1 (1907), pp. 12-13.
Beazley, J.D. Attic Red-Figure Vase Painters. Volume II, Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1963. p. 1000, no. 199.
Pedley, John Griffiths. Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago. The Art Institute of Chicago Museum Studies 1994, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 43, 45, 47 (iil), no. 28.
J.H. Oakley, The Achilles Painter (Mainz, 1997) 150 no. 268, pl. 138 c-d.
O. Tzachou-Alexandri, Leukes Likythoi tou Zoographou tou Achilleos sto Ethniko Archaiologiko Mouseio (Athens, 1998), p. 77, fig. 14.
W. Fröhner, Collection van Branteghem: Vases peints et terre cuites antiques (Paris 1892) no. 181.