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About This Artwork
Pentadrachm (Coin) Portraying King Ptolemy I Soter, Ptolemaic Period, (285–247 B.C.), issued by King Ptolemy II Philadelphos
Diam. 2.4 cm; 17.82 g
REV: ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ
Gift of Martin A. Ryerson, 1922.4933
Coinage of Hellenistic Rulers The Hellenistic period spans the nearly three hundred years between the death of Alexander the Great of Macedonia (323 B.C.) and that of Cleopatra VII of Egypt (30 B.C.), a descendant of one of Alexander’s generals. The term Hellenistic is derived from Hellas, an ancient Greek word for Greece. It is used to describe both chronologically and culturally the era following Alexander’s conquest of Egypt and Asia, which resulted in the spread of Greek culture across a vast area. The melding of local and Greek artistic styles with the luxurious materials captured in the conquered lands resulted in magnificent artwork, including elegant coinage. Following Alexander’s death, his empire was divided among his generals, who established independent kingdoms in Egypt; Persia; the eastern coast of the Aegean Sea, including Syria and Palestine; Greece and Macedonia; and Thrace. Almost immediately the generals began to covet each other’s land and power. Kingdom of the Ptolemies Upon the death of Alexander, his close colleague, Ptolemy I (r. 305–282 B.C.) claimed Egypt as his domain. He was the first Hellenistic king to replace Alexander’s face on his coinage with his own portrait. His dynasty lasted for three hundred years, until the death of Cleopatra, when Egypt was absorbed by the Roman Empire.
The Art Institute of Chicago, Ancient Art Galleries, Gallery 154A, 1994 - February 2012.
"Power Struggles: Cleopatra's Relatives and Their Rivals," Gallery 155 (Coin Case), November 2001 - 2007.
"Neither Man nor Beast: Animal Images on Ancient Coins," August 29, 2007- February 2012.
The Art Institute of Chicago, When the Greeks Ruled: Egypt After Alexander the Great, October 31, 2013 - July 27, 2014; traveled to New York City, N.Y., the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, September 16, 2014 - January 4, 2015.
Berge, Louise and Karen Alexander. 1985. "Ancient Gold Work and Jewelry from Chicago Collections." The Ancient World. Vol. 11, nos. 1 and 2, p. 22.
Alexander, Karen B. 2012. "From Plaster to Stone: Ancient Art at the Art Institute of Chicago." in Recasting the Past: Collecting and Presenting Antiquities at the Art Institute of Chicago, by Karen Manchester, p.29. Art Institute of Chicago/Yale University Press.